Zika situation report
24 November 2016
Zika virus, Microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome
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List of countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission (Table 1.)
- Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:
- Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:
- Countries and territories reporting Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) cases associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:
- The fifth meeting of the Emergency Committee (EC) on Zika virus, microcephaly and other neurological disorders was held on 18 November 2016. The Director-General accepted the recommendations of the EC and declared the end of the Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). However, Zika virus and associated consequences remains a significant enduring public health challenge. Research has demonstrated the link between Zika virus infection and microcephaly, furthering the need for a robust technical mechanism to manage the global response and research agenda. The coordination and response to Zika virus is being escalated into a sustained programme of work with dedicated resources to address the long-term nature of the disease and its consequences. Recommendations from previous EC meetings will remain in place for three months while WHO implements the transition plan to shift activities into a longer-term programme. Building on established mechanisms and guided by the Zika Strategic Response Plan, WHO continues to coordinate and support more than 60 partners in the areas of detection, prevention, care and support, and research to strengthen preparedness and response in countries and territories where the Aedes mosquitoes are established.
- Overall, the global risk assessment has not changed. Zika virus continues to spread geographically to areas where competent vectors are present. Although a decline in cases of Zika infection has been reported in some countries, or in some parts of countries, vigilance needs to remain high.