Signature and ratification
The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the Depositary for the Protocol (Article 46). In accordance with its Article 43, the Protocol was opened for signature by all Parties to the WHO FCTC at WHO Headquarters in Geneva on 10 and 11 January 2013. Thirteen Parties representing all six WHO regions signed the Protocol: China, France, Gabon, Libya, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Panama, Republic of Korea, South Africa, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey and Uruguay.
The Protocol will remain open for signature at United Nations Headquarters in New York until 9 January 2014.
All Parties to the WHO FCTC are eligible to sign and ratify the Protocol (Articles 43 and 44 of the Protocol). The Protocol will enter into force 90 days after the deposit of the 40th instrument of ratification.
Under the established international practice, Heads of State, Heads of Government or Ministers for Foreign Affairs are empowered, by virtue of their functions, to sign the Protocol on behalf of the State without having to produce full powers to that effect. Other representatives wishing to sign the Protocol must be in possession of appropriate full powers, which expressly authorize signature of the Protocol by a named representative, issued and signed by one of the above authorities.
The original instrument of full powers should be sent to the Treaty Section of the United Nations Secretariat in New York in advance of the signature.
The Protocol is subject to ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by States and to formal confirmation or accession by regional economic integration organizations that are Party to the WHO FCTC (Article 44).
A model instrument of ratification is available for download:
Contact: Parties to the WHO FCTC that wish to sign and/or ratify the Protocol are invited to contact the Treaty Section of the United Nations Secretariat in New York (facsimile: 1-212-963-3693)