Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

After its adoption by the 56th World Health Assembly in May 2003, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) was open for signature until 29 June 2004. 168 States signed the WHO FCTC during this period expressing their willingness to become a Party to the Convention. Countries wishing to become a Party, but that did not sign the Convention by 29 June 2004, may do so by means of accession, which is a one-step process equivalent to ratification.

In accordance with Article 36 of the WHO FCTC, the Convention entered into force on 27 February 2005, 90 days after the fortieth State had acceded to, ratified, accepted, or approved it. It is deposited at the United Nations Headquarters in New York and remains open to Members of the World Health Organization (WHO) and States that are not Members of the WHO but are members of the United Nations as well as regional economic integration organizations.

Status:

Signatories to the WHO FCTC: 168
Parties to the WHO FCTC: 178 (Last Party: Ethiopia. Entry into force: 23 June 2014)


Participant Signature date
(day-month-year)
Ratification,
Acceptance (A),
Approval (AA),
Formal confirmation (c),
Accession (a),
Succession (d)
(day-month-year)
Entry into force
(day-month-year)
Afghanistan 29/06/2004 13/08/2010 11/11/2010
Albania 29/06/2004 26/04/2006 25/07/2006
Algeria 20/06/2003 30/06/2006 28/09/2006
Angola 29/06/2004 20/09/2007 19/12/2007
Antigua and Barbuda 28/06/2004 05/06/2006 03/09/2006
Argentina 25/09/2003
Armenia 29/11/2004 a 27/02/2005
Australia 05/12/2003 27/10/2004 27/02/2005
Austria 28/08/2003 15/09/2005 14/12/2005
Azerbaijan  01/11/2005 a 30/01/2006
Bahamas 29/06/2004 03/11/2009 01/02/2010
Bahrain 20/03/2007 a 18/06/2007
Bangladesh 16/06/2003 14/06/2004 27/02/2005
Barbados 28/06/2004 03/11/2005 01/02/2006
Belarus 17/06/2004 08/09/2005 07/12/2005
Belgium 22/01/2004 01-11-2005 30/01/2006
Belize 26/09/2003 15/12/2005 15/03/2006
Benin 18/06/2004 03/11/2005 01/02/2006
Bhutan 09/12/2003 23/08/2004 27/02/2005
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 27/02/2004 15/09/2005 14/12/2005
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10/07/2009 08/10/2009
Botswana 16/06/2003 31/01/2005 01/05/2005
Brazil 16/06/2003 03/11/2005 01/02/2006
Brunei Darussalam 03/06/2004 03/06/2004 27/02/2005
Bulgaria  22/12/2003 07/11/2005 05/02/2006
Burkina Faso 22/12/2003 31/07/2006 29/10/2006
Burundi 16/06/2003 22/11/2005 20/02/2006
Cambodia 25/05/2004 15/11/2005 13/02/2006
Cameroon 13/05/2004 03/02/2006 04/05/2006
Canada 15/07/2003 26/11/2004 27/02/2005
Cape Verde 17/02/2004 04/10/2005 02/01/2006
Central African Republic 29/12/2003 07/11/2005 05/02/2006
Chad 22/06/2004 30/01/2006 30/04/2006
Chile 25/09/2003 13/06/2005 11/09/2005
China¹ 10/11/2003 11/10/2005 09/01/2006
Colombia 10/04/2008 a 09/07/2008
Comoros 27/02/2004 24/01/2006 24/04/2006
Congo 23/03/2004 06/02/2007 07/05/2007
Cook Islands 14/05/2004 14/05/2004 27/02/2005
Costa Rica 03/07/2003 21/08/2008 19/11/2008
Cote d'Ivoire 24/07/2003 13/08/2010 11/11/2010
Croatia 02/06/2004 14/07/2008 12/10/2008
Cuba 29/06/2004
Cyprus 24/05/2004 26/10/2005 24/01/2006
Czech Republic 16/06/2003 01/06/2012 30/08/2012
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 17/06/2003 27/04/2005 26/07/2005
Democratic Republic of the Congo 28/06/2004 28/10/2005 26/01/2006
Denmark² 16/06/2003 16-12-2004 16/03/2005
Djibouti 13/05/2004 31/07/2005 29/10/2005
Dominica 29/06/2004 24/07/2006 22/10/2006
Ecuador 22/03/2004 25/07/2006 23/10/2006
Egypt 17/06/2003 25/02/2005 26/05/2005
El Salvador 18/03/2004
Equatorial Guinea  17/09/2005 a 16/12/2005
Estonia 08/06/2004 27/07/2005 25/10/2005
Ethiopia 25/02/2004 25/03/2014 23/06/2014
European Union 16/06/2003 30/06/2005 c 28/09/2005
Fiji 03/10/2003 03/10/2003 27/02/2005
Finland 16/06/2003 24/01/2005 24/04/2005
France 16/06/2003 19/10/2004 AA 27/02/2005
Gabon 22/08/2003 20/02/2009 21/05/2009
Gambia 16/06/2003 18/09/2007 17/12/2007
Georgia 20/02/2004 14/02/2006 15/05/2006
Germany 24/10/2003 16/12/2004 16/03/2005
Ghana 20/06/2003 29/11/2004 27/02/2005
Greece 16/06/2003 27/01/2006 27/04/2006
Grenada 29/06/2004 14/08/2007 12/11/2007
Guatemala 25/09/2003 16/11/2005 14/02/2006
Guinea 01/04/2004 07/11/2007 05/02/2008
Guinea-Bissau 07/11/2008 a 05/02/2009
Guyana 15/09/2005 a 14/12/2005
Haiti 23/07/2003
Honduras 18/06/2004 16/02/2005 17/05/2005
Hungary 16/06/2003 07/04/2004 27/02/2005
Iceland 16/06/2003 14/06/2004 27/02/2005
India 10/09/2003 05/02/2004 27/02/2005
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 16/06/2003 06/11/2005 04/02/2006
Iraq 29/06/2004 17/03/2008 15/06/2008
Ireland 16/09/2003 07/11/2005 05/02/2006
Israel 20/06/2003 24/08/2005 22/11/2005
Italy 16/06/2003 02/07/2008 30/09/2008
Jamaica 24/09/2003 07/07/2005 05/10/2005
Japan 09/03/2004 08/06/2004 A 27/02/2005
Jordan 28/05/2004 19/08/2004 27/02/2005
Kazakhstan 21/06/2004 22/01/2007 22/04/2007
Kenya 25/06/2004 25/06/2004 27/02/2005
Kiribati 27/04/2004 15/09/2005 14/12/2005
Kuwait 16/06/2003 12/05/2006 10/08/2006
Kyrgyzstan 18/02/2004 25/05/2006 23/08/2006
Lao People's Democratic Republic 29/06/2004 06/09/2006 05/12/2006
Latvia 10/05/2004 10/02/2005 11/05/2005
Lebanon 04/03/2004 07-12-2005 07/03/2006
Lesotho 23/06/2004 14/01/2005 14/04/2005
Liberia 25/06/2004 15/09/2009 14/12/2009
Libya 18/06/2004 07/06/2005 05/09/2005
Lithuania 22/09/2003 16/12/2004 16/03/2005
Luxembourg 16/06/2003 30/06/2005 28/09/2005
Madagascar 24/09/2003 22/09/2004 27/02/2005
Malaysia 23/09/2003 16/09/2005 15/12/2005
Maldives 17/05/2004 20/05/2004 27/02/2005
Mali 23/09/2003 19/10/2005 17/01/2006
Malta 16/06/2003 24/09/2003 27/02/2005
Marshall Islands 16/06/2003 08/12/2004 08/03/2005
Mauritania 24/06/2004 28/10/2005 26/01/2006
Mauritius 17/06/2003 17/05/2004 27/02/2005
Mexico 12/08/2003 28/05/2004 27/02/2005
Micronesia (Federated States of) 28/06/2004 18/03/2005 16/06/2005
Mongolia 16/06/2003 27/01/2004 27/02/2005
Montenegro³ 23/10/2006 d 21/01/2007
Morocco 16/04/2004
Mozambique 18/06/2003
Myanmar 23/10/2003 21/04/2004 27/02/2005
Namibia 29/01/2004 07/11/2005 05/02/2006
Nauru 29/06/2004 a 27/02/2005
Nepal 03/12/2003 07/11/2006 05/02/2007
Netherlands 16/06/2003 27/01/2005 A 27/04/2005
New Zealand4 16/06/2003 27/01/2004 27/02/2005
Nicaragua 07/06/2004 09/04/2008 08/07/2008
Niger 28/06/2004 25/08/2005 23/11/2005
Nigeria 28/06/2004 20/10/2005 18/01/2006
Niue 18/06/2004 03/06/2005 01/09/2005
Norway 16/06/2003 16/06/2003 AA 27/02/2005
Oman 9/03/2005 a  07/06/2005
Pakistan 18/05/2004 03/11/2004 27/02/2005
Palau 16/06/2003 12/02/2004 27/02/2005
Panama 26/09/2003 16/08/2004 27/02/2005
Papua New Guinea 22/06/2004 25/05/2006 23/08/2006
Paraguay 16/06/2003 26/09/2006 25/12/2006
Peru 21/04/2004 30/11/2004 28/02/2005
Philippines 23/09/2003 06/06/2005 04/09/2005
Poland 14/06/2004 15/09/2006 14/12/2006
Portugal 09/01/2004 08/11/2005 AA 06/02/2006
Qatar 17/06/2003 23/07/2004 27/02/2005
Republic of Korea 21/07/2003 16/05/2005 14/08/2005
Republic of Moldova 29/06/2004 3/02/2009 a 04/05/2009
Romania 25/06/2004 27/01/2006 27/04/2006
Russian Federation 03/06/2008 a 01/09/2008
Rwanda 02/06/2004 19/10/2005 17/01/2006
Saint Kitts and Nevis 29/06/2004 21/06/2011 19/09/2011
Saint Lucia 29/06/2004 07/11/2005 05/02/2006
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 14/06/2004 29/10/2010 27/01/2011
Samoa 25/09/2003 03/11/2005 01/02/2006
San Marino 26/09/2003 07/07/2004 27/02/2005
Sao Tome and Principe 18/06/2004 12/04/2006 11/07/2006
Saudi Arabia 24/06/2004 09/05/2005 07/08/2005
Senegal 19/06/2003 27/01/2005 27/04/2005
Serbia 28/06/2004 08/02/2006 09/05/2006
Seychelles 11/09/2003 12/11/2003 27/02/2005
Sierra Leone 22/05/2009 20/08/2009
Singapore 29/12/2003 14/05/2004 27/02/2005
Slovakia 19/12/2003 04/05/2004 27/02/2005
Slovenia 25/09/2003 15/03/2005 13/06/2005
Solomon Islands 18/06/2004 10/08/2004 27/02/2005
South Africa 16/06/2003 19/04/2005 18/07/2005
Spain 16/06/2003 11/01/2005 11/04/2005
Sri Lanka 23/09/2003 11/11/2003 27/02/2005
Sudan 10/06/2004 31/10/2005  29/01/2006
Suriname 24/06/2004 16/12/2008 16/03/2009
Swaziland 29/06/2004 13/01/2006 13/04/2006
Sweden 16/06/2003 07/07/2005 05/10/2005
Switzerland 25/06/2004
Syrian Arab Republic 11/07/2003 22/11/2004 27/02/2005
Tajikistan 21/06/2013 19/09/2013
Thailand 20/06/2003 08/11/2004 27/02/2005
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 30/06/2006 a 28/09/2006
Timor-Leste 25/05/2004 22/12/2004 22/03/2005
Togo 12/05/2004 15/11/2005 13/02/2006
Tonga 25/09/2003 08/04/2005 07/07/2005
Trinidad and Tobago 27/08/2003 19/08/2004 27/02/2005
Tunisia 22/08/2003 07/06/2010 05/09/2010
Turkey 28/04/2004 31/12/2004 31/03/2005
Turkmenistan 13/05/2011 11/08/2011
Tuvalu 10/06/2004 26/09/2005 25/12/2005
Uganda 05/03/2004 20/06/2007 18/09/2007
Ukraine 25/06/2004 06/06/2006 04/09/2006
United Arab Emirates 24/06/2004 07/11/2005 05/02/2006
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 16/06/2003 16/12/2004 16/03/2005
United Republic of Tanzania 27/01/2004 30/04/2007 29/07/2007
United States of America 10/05/2004
Uruguay 19/06/2003 09/09/2004 27/02/2005
Uzbekistan 15/05/2012 13/08/2012
Vanuatu 22/04/2004 16/09/2005 15/12/2005
Venezuela (the Bolivarian Republic of) 22/09/2003 27/06/2006 25/09/2006
Viet Nam 03/09/2003 17/12/2004 17/03/2005
Yemen 20/06/2003 22/02/2007 23/05/2007
Zambia 23/05/2008 a 21/08/2008

1. On 11 October 2005, the Government of China informed the Secretary-General of the following:

In accordance with the provision of article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the declaration made by the People's Republic of China on the prohibition of the introduction of tobacco vending machines shall apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.


2. With the following territorial exclusion:

.....the Convention does not until further notice apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.


3. See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.


4. With the following territorial exclusion:

"... consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand to the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."

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Last update:

27 March 2014 09:25 CET

  • Declarations
    Unless otherwise indicated, the objections were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval, formal confirmation or accession.