World health organization

Restoring hope in Swaziland: helping stop TB through earlier diagnosis

A lab technician loads a sputum sample into an Xpert® MTB/RIF machine for TB diagnosis.
WHO/H.M. Dias

Driving innovation

In December 2010, WHO recommended the use of Xpert® MTB/RIF, a new diagnostic device that tests sputum for TB and rifampicin resistance in less than 2 hours. This means the right treatment can start on the day of testing. Unlike the 125-year-old sputum smear microscopy, this new device is more effective particularly for children and people living with HIV. It is now in use in most ART clinics and hospitals in Swaziland. Here, a lab technician prepares an Xpert® MTB/RIF testing cartridge for TB diagnosis.

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