World health organization

10 facts on children's environmental health

A girl wades through a flooded area, Luanda
WHO/H. Bower

Climate change increases the risk of disease especially for children in developing countries.

Over 85% of the burden of disease of climate change is borne by children in developing countries. Children face risks of injuries and death from floods and extreme temperatures, asthma and respiratory diseases that increase in frequency with air pollution, and diarrhoeal diseases, malaria, and malnutrition related to climate change.

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