Food safety

Risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in seafood, MRA Series 16

Microbiological Risk Assessment Series, No. 16

ISBN 9789241548175 (WHO)

Vibrio parahaemolyticus are common causes of diarrhoeal disease worldwide. These marine micro-organisms, native in estuarine waters globally, concentrate in the gut of filter-feeding molluscan shellfish, such as oysters, clams and mussels. Raw and undercooked seafood, including finfish, represent the principal vehicle of transmission to humans.

This volume considers the applicability of an assessment of the public health impact of raw oyster consumption, developed in one country, to assess the public health risk associated with the consumption of raw oysters harvested in other countries where different growing and harvesting scenarios might exist. The approach is also applied to bloody clams and finfish to establish if such a risk assessment can also be adapted to other types of shellfish and finfish. This work is therefore divided in three parts focusing on (i) risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw oysters, (ii) risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in bloody clam and (iii) risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in finfish. As well as providing insights on the risks associated with consumption of these commodities, the work also addresses how to make maximum use of existing and/or limited resources.