Global Health Observatory (GHO)

Child health

Reducing child mortality to achieve MDG 4: Overall, substantial progress has been made towards achieving MDG 4. The number of under-five deaths worldwide has declined from 12.6 (12.4, 12.9) million in 1990 to 6.6 (6.3, 7.0) million in 2012. This translates into 17 000 fewer children dying every day in 2012 than in 1990. About half of the world’s under-five deaths in 2012 still occurred in only five countries: India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan and China. India (22 percent) and Nigeria (13 percent) together account for more than a third of under-five deaths worldwide.

fact buffet


6.6 millionchildren under age five died in 2012,
nearly 18 000 every day

Under-five mortality

Causes of death

83%of deaths in children under age five are caused by infectious, neonatal or nutritional conditions

Causes of under-five mortality

Preventing under-five deaths

59%of children with suspected pneumonia are taken for treatment to an appropriate care provider

Care seeking for pneumonia
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