Global Health Observatory (GHO)

Vaccine distribution

Situation and trends

The ICG was established in January 1997, following the large outbreaks of meningitis in 1995-96 in Africa, when countries faced a global shortage of meningitis vaccine. Composed of representatives from Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), UNICEF and WHO (ICG secretariat) its mission is to coordinate the best use of the limited amount of vaccine available; and to ensure that the meningitis vaccine is readily available to respond to meningitis outbreaks. Since its establishment, the ICG has sent over 50 million doses of vaccines to 20 African countries, allowing them to respond to meningitis outbreaks.

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