Global Health Observatory (GHO) data

Number of deaths due to HIV/AIDS

Situation and trends

Expanded access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and a declining incidence of HIV infection have led to a steep fall globally in the number of adults and children dying from HIV-related causes. The estimated 1.1 million [940 000–1.3 million] people dying from HIV globally in 2015 were 45% fewer than in 2005 and 26% fewer than in 2010 in spite of a period of substantial population growth in many high burden countries.

Nevertheless, there is no room for complacency. Countries need to live up their commitment to end the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030 -- a target included in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015. The immediate challenge is to reach the Fast-Track targets for 2020, as HIV-related deaths are still unacceptably high.

The 2020 tragets include reducing the number of people dying from HIV-related causes to fewer than 500 000. Based on current estimates, this provides an opportunity to prevent over 600 000 deaths per year.

The drop in HIV-related mortality is especially evident in the regions with the greatest burden of HIV infection, including the WHO African Region, home to almost three in four people dying from HIV-related causes in 2015. An estimated 800 000 [650 000–980 000] people died in the African Region from HIV-related causes in 2015, which indicates that mortality has been halved in the past decade. In the region of Americas the HIV-related mortality dropped about 36% since 2005 to 62 000 [54 000–72 000] in 2015. Since ART came available in the mid-2000s, HIV related deaths declined both by 37% to 130 000 [110 000–150 000] in South-East-Asia region and 32% to 44 000 [31 000–69 000] in Western Pacific Region in 2015. An opposite trend played out the European Region, where the rate of AIDS-deaths increased about 16% between 2005 and 2015 from 48 000 [41 000–55 000] up to 56 000 [48 000–64 000]. The trend in the Eastern Mediterranean Region is even worse, rising from 7 900 [5700–10 000] to 15 000 [11 000–23 000], an increase of more than 95%.

* Global health sector strategy on HIV/AIDS 2011—2015. Geneva: World Health Organization;2011.