Number of deaths due to HIV/AIDS
Situation and trends
Expanded access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and a declining incidence of HIV infection have led to a steep fall globally in the number of adults and children dying from HIV-related causes. The estimated 1.2 million [0.98–1.6 million] people dying from HIV globally in 2014 were 28.5% fewer than in 2009 and 41.4% fewer than when the number peaked in 2005 in spite of a period of substantial population growth in many high burden countries.
This puts the world on track to exceed the target of reducing the number of people dying from HIV-related causes by 25% by 2015 (compared with a 2009 baseline)*. Globally, ART programmes averted an estimated 7.8 million deaths between 2000 and 2014. This trend reflects also the rebound of the life expectancy in some countries with very large burdens of HIV.
The drop in HIV-related mortality is especially evident in the regions with the greatest burden of HIV infection, including the WHO African Region, home to about three in four people dying from HIV-related causes in 2014. An estimated 790 000 [690 000–990 000] people died in the African Region from HIV-related causes in 2014, 33.6% fewer than the 1.2 million [1.0–1.5 million] in 2009. The decline in the HIV mortality was most successful in the African region, where HIV related deaths have been halved in the past decade. The estimated 790 000 [690 000–990 000] AIDS deaths in this region in 2014 were 48% fewer than the 1.5 [1.3–1.9 million] in 2004. In the region of Americas the HIV-related mortality dropped about 33% since 2000 to 66 000 [42 000–120 000] in 2014. Since ART came available in the mid-2000s, HIV related deaths declined both by 30% to 190 000 [120 000–380 000] in South-East-Asia region and 23% to 50 000 [37 000–80 000] in Western Pacific Region in 2014. An opposite trend played out the European Region, where the rate of AIDS-deaths increased about 8% between 2009 and 2014 from 66 000 [42 000–100 000] up to 72 000 [45 000–110 000]. The trend in the Eastern Mediterranean Region is even worse, with a rising from 11 000 [7100–20 000] to 15 000 [9800–28 000], a plus about 28.2%.
Children (younger than 15 years) in 2014 had 36.7% fewer deaths from HIV compared with 2009 and 47% fewer deaths compared with 2005. The HIV-related deaths among children have declined faster than adults because of the successful implementation of PMTCT programmes especially in African Regions. Therefore the HIV response has also contributed to achieve the MDG4–reductions in child mortality.
The increase and strengthening of joint HIV-TB interventions has led to a 22% drop in the number pf people dying from HIV-associated TB globally, from 500 000
[380 000–630 000] in 2000 to 390 000 [280 000–520 000] in 2014. Joint HIV/TB interventions averted an estimated 5.8 million [5.2–6.5 million] deaths in the past decade. Despite the progress, TB was responsible for almost on third (31%) of the estimated 1.2 million HIV-related deaths globally in 2014. Misalignment of TB and HIV prevention, treatment and care services, and a lack of provision of integrated TB and HIV services are holding back progress in many countries. HIV testing among TB patients globally increased more than 15-fold since 2004, but it was only 51% in 2014.