Use of improved sanitation facilities
Situation and trends
The world is unlikely to meet the MDG sanitation target and in 2011, 2.5 billion people remained without access to improved sanitation facilities. A staggering,
1 billion people (15% of the world population) remain with no access to toilets, latrines or any form of sanitation facility, and had no other choice than to defecate in the open, resulting in high levels of environmental contamination and exposure to the risks of microbial infections, diarrhoeal diseases (including cholera), trachoma, schistosomiasis and hepatitis. Encouraging progress has been made, 1.9 billion people gained access to improved sanitation facilities between 1990 and 2011.