Global Health Observatory (GHO)

Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth


Healthy life expectancy (HALE) is a form of health expectancy that applies disability weights to health states to compute the equivalent number of years of life expected to be lived in full health.

Overall, global HALE at birth in 2012 for males and females combined was 62 years, 8 years lower than total life expectancy at birth. In other words, poor health resulted in a loss of nearly 8 years of healthy life, on average globally. Global HALE at birth for females was only 3 years greater than that for males. In comparison, female life expectancy at birth was almost 5 years higher than that for males.

HALE at birth ranged from a low of 49 years for African males to almost 70 years for females in the WHO Western Pacific Region. The equivalent “lost” healthy years (LHE = total life expectancy minus HALE) ranged from 15% of total life expectancy at birth in males in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region to 10% the WHO Western Pacific Region.


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