Global situation and trends: Tuberculosis (TB) is contagious and airborne. It ranks as the second leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, after the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 9 million people fell ill with TB in 2013, including 1.1 million cases among people living with HIV. In 2013, 1.5 million people died from TB, including 360 000 among people who were HIV-positive. 510 000 women died from TB in 2013, including 180 000 among women who were HIV-positive. Of the overall TB deaths among HIV-positive people, 50% were among women. TB is one of the top killers of women of reproductive age. An estimated 550 000 children became ill with TB and 80 000 children who were HIV-negative died of TB in 2013. The TB mortality rate has decreased 45% since 1990.