Global Health Observatory (GHO)

Knowledge of transmission of HIV/AIDS

Situation

Women face particular vulnerability to HIV infection, stemming from a combination of biological factors and gender inequality. Female drug users and sex workers are particularly at risk; stigma, discrimination, and punitive policies only increase their vulnerability.


Trends

Knowledge of sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS has increased for women in both richest 20% and poorest 20% urban populations in Asia, Africa and Americas. Although the percentage of women with accurate knowledge on transmission of HIV/AIDS has doubled in Asia among the urban poorest 20% nearly a half are still not sufficiently aware of the issue.

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