Global Health Observatory (GHO)

Tobacco consumption

Situation by residence

Prevalence of smoking among women tends to be higher in urban than in rural areas. This is the reverse of the pattern seen among men. Prevalence of smoking in urban women is 1%, 6%, 7% and 13% in Africa, Americas, Asia and Europe, respectively. The prevalence of smoking among urban women is more than three times that among rural women in Europe (based on three countries' data only).

Prevalence of smoking among men in Asia and in Europe are about three times as high as that in Africa or in the Americas. In all regions, men in rural areas are more likely to smoke than men in urban areas.


Situation by wealth quintile

Prevalence of smoking among women is higher in the richest 20% than in the poorest 20% urban population in all regions. This is the reverse of the pattern seen among men. Inequalities in smoking prevalence between the poorest 20% and richest 20% urban women, as measured by rate ratios, is 0.8, 0.6, 0.9 and 0.5 for Africa, Americas, Asia and Europe, respectively.

Prevalence of smoking among men is higher in the poorest 20% than in the richest 20% urban population in all regions examined. Smoking prevalence among the poorest 20% urban men in Africa, Americas, Asia and Europe are 1.9, 2.6, 1.4 and 1.4 times higher than that among the richest 20% urban men, respectively.

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