Global Health Histories

Lunchtime seminars series 2011

Part 1: Research for health

Seminar 54: Reproductive Rights

Dr Gayle Davis, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Dr Gayle Davis will present a national perspective on reproductive rights, using research from Scotland since 1950. Dr Adrienne Germain will review committments made at the UN International Conference on Population and Development and the contributions of women's health and rights activists over the past 25 years.

Seminar 53: Childhood immunization

Dr Helen Bedford, University College London, UK.

It is well accepted that childhood immunization, after clean water, is the most effective public health intervention available resulting in significant reductions in disease incidence and its associated death and disability. In some countries vaccine-preventable diseases are vanishingly rare. However, controversies and myths have surrounded vaccination since its early days. In her presentation, Dr Helen Bedford discusses this and focuses mainly on the UK immunization programme to consider how approaches should be targeted to maximize vaccine uptake based on the best available evidence. Dr Cherian provides a WHO perspective on immunization issues.

Seminar 52: Health systems and maternal care

Professor Rama Baru, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.

The opening presentation by Professor Rama Baru, offers an overview of disparities in access to Indian maternal health services. It argues that commercialization of health services has accentuated inequities and contributed to the persistence of poverty. To initiate discussion, Dr Ritu Sadana will offer one perspective from WHO.

Seminar 51: Health systems and health promotion

Professor Cathy Campbell, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.

Today's speakers discuss how such mobilization is often difficult to implement in poor countries, but might lead to the optimal use of prevention, care and treatment services. Professor Cathy Campbell cites HIV/AIDS case studies in West Bengal and South Africa. Dr Lori Newman will discuss WHO efforts in this area, including examples that have supported the elimination of congenital syphilis.

Seminar 50: Tobacco control

Professor Hilary Graham, University of York, UK.

The smoking epidemic began in high-income countries a century ago; today, it is a global killer.
In this seminar, Professor Hilary Graham and Dr Douglas Bettcher examine the links between smoking and social disadvantage and consider the implications for tobacco control policy.

Seminar 49: Antenatal care

Professor Mary Renfrew, University of York, UK.

Perspectives on care in pregnancy and childbirth vary across different settings and health care professions, and have changed radically over the past century.
Professor Mary Renfrew draws on developments in policy and practice in the UK and internationally, to examine how well these varied perspectives meet the needs of women and their families. Her co-speaker is Dr Metin Gülmezoglu.

Seminar 48: Infant growth and nutrition

Professor Lawrence Weaver, University of Glasgow, UK.

Rates and patterns of growth in weight of infants vary geographically, related to how the infants are fed and the prevalence of disease, and have changed over the last 100 years.
Lawrence Weaver, Professor of Public Health at the University of Glasgow, argues that the WHO infant growth standard should not alone be regarded as an ideal growth trajectory for all babies. His co-speaker is Dr Mercedes de Onis, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, WHO.

2011 seminar series, part 2