Clean Care is Safer Care

Full list of articles published on the First Global Patient Safety Challenge

(In reverse chronological order)

Global implementation of WHO's multimodal strategy for improvement of hand hygiene: a quasi-experimental study.

Allegranzi B, Gayet-Ageron A, Damani N, Bengaly L, McLaws ML, Moro ML, Memish Z, Urroz O, Richet H, Storr J, Donaldson L, Pittet D. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Early Online Publication, 23 August 2013.

Norovirus outbreaks and alcohol-based handrub solutions: Association does not prove causation.

Longtin Y et al. American Journal of Infection Control 2011

Back to the future: rising to the Semmelweis challenge in hand hygiene.

Stewardson A et al. Future Microbiology 2011

Health-care-associated infection in Africa: a systematic review.

Bagheri Nejad S et al. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2011

Patient empowerment and multimodal hand hygiene promotion: a win-win strategy

McGuckin M, Storr J, Longtin Y, Allegranzi B, Pittet D. American Journal of Medical Quality 2011; 26: 7-10.

WHO SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands global annual campaign. A call for action: 5 May 2011

Kilpatrick C, Pittet D.
Infection. 2011; 39:93-5.

Videos in clinical medicine. Hand hygiene

Longtin Y, Sax H, Allegranzi B, Schneider F, Pittet D.
N Engl J Med. 2011; 364:e24.

Promoting hand hygiene in healthcare through national/subnational campaigns

Mathai E, Allegranzi B, Kilpatrick C, Bagheri Nejad S, Graafmans W, Pittet D.
J Hosp Infect. 2011; 77:294-8.

Burden of endemic health-care-associated infection in developing countries: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Allegranzi B, Bagheri Nejad S, Combescure C, Graafmans W, Attar H, Donaldson L, Pittet D. The Lancet 2011;377:228-41

Successful implementation of the world health organization hand hygiene improvement strategy in a referral hospital in Mali, Africa.

Allegranzi B, Sax H, Bengaly L, Richet H, Minta DK, Chraiti MN, Sokona FM, Gayet-Ageron A, Bonnabry P, Pittet D; World Health Organization "Point G" Project Management Committee. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2010 Feb; 31(2): 133-41.

"Clean Care is Safer Care": l’OMS consacre le 1er Défi Mondial pour la Sécurité des Patients à la prévention des infections.

Didier Pittet, Benedetta Allegranzi, Marie-Noëlle Chraïti, Hugo Sax, Genève, Andreas Widmer. Swiss-NOSO Bulletin 2010;16:2-7.

Patient participation: current knowledge and applicability to patient safety.

Longtin Y, Sax H, Leape LL, Sheridan SE, Donaldson L, Pittet D. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2010;85:53-62.

The World Health Organization hand hygiene observation method.

Sax H, Allegranzi B, Chraïti M-N, Boyce J, Larson E, Pittet D. American Journal of Infection Control 2009;37:827-34.

Surgical hand preparation: state-of-the-art.

Widmer A, Rotter M, Voss A, Nthumba P, Allegranzi B, Boyce J, Pittet D. Journal of Hospital Infection 2010;74:112-22. Epub 2009 Aug 28.

Methods to evaluate the microbicidal activities of handrub and handwash agents.

Rotter M, Sattar SA, Dharan S, Allegranzi B, Mathai E, Pittet D. Journal of Hospital Infection 2009; 73:191-199.

“Main propres: vie sauvées”: le défi continue pour l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé.

Pittet D, Engineer C, Bagheri Nejad S, Chraïti M-N, Storr J, Mathai E, Resal L, Leotsakos A, Sax H, Allegranzi B. Hygiènes 2009 (in press).

Nurses and physicians’ perceptions of the importance and impact of healthcare-associated infections and hand hygiene: a multi-center exploratory study in Hong Kong.

Tai JWM Tai, Mok ESB, Ching PTY, Seto WH, Pittet D. Infection 2009; 30: 904-908.

Patients’ beliefs and perceptions of their participation to increase staff compliance with hand hygiene.

Yves Longtin, Hugo Sax, Benedetta Allegranzi, Stéphane Hugonnet, Didier Pittet. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2009; 30:830-839.

Preventing catheter-related bloodstream infections: thinking outside the checklist.

Perencevich EN, Pittet D. Journal of the American Medical Association 2009; 301:1285-1287.

Prévention des infections liées aux soins: une priorité en matière de sécurité des patients et de santé publique internationale.

Allegranzi B, Chraïti M-N, Sax H, Bagheri Nejad S, Dharan S, Leotsakos A, Richet H, Pittet D. Revue Médicale Suisse 2009;(suppl.) 5:35-39.

Save lives: clean your hands. A global call for action at the point of care.

Kilpatrick C. American Journal of Infection Control. 2009; 37:261-262.

The WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care and their consensus recommendations.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Boyce J; on behalf of the WHO World Alliance for Patient Safety First Global Patient Safety Challenge Core Group of Experts. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2009; 30:611-622.

The global impact of hand hygiene campaigning.

Kilpatrick C, Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Euro Surveillance 2009; 14:2.

Hand hygiene promotion: 5 moments, 5 components, 5 steps, and 5 May 2009.

Pittet D. International Journal of Infection Control 2009; 5:1-3.

Hygiène des mains : révolutions, normalisations, globalisation.

Pittet D. Revue Médicale Suisse 2009; 5:716-718, 720-721.

The role of hand hygiene in healthcare-associated infection prevention.

Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Journal of Hospital Infection 2009;73:305-15.

Comparison of national and sub-national guidelines for hand hygiene.

Cookson B, Mathai E, Allegranzi B, Pessoa-Silva CL, Bagheri Nejad S, Schneider A, Tschopp C, Wendt C, Pittet D. J of Hosp Infect 2009; 72: 202-210.

Religion and culture: potential undercurrents influencing hand hygiene promotion in healthcare.

Allegranzi B, Memish ZA, Donaldson L, Pittet D. Am J Infect Control 2009; 37:28-34.

Preventing infections acquired during health-care delivery.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B. Lancet. 2008;372:1719-20.

Trial of alcohol-based hand gel in critical care units.

Mermel LA, Boyce JM, Voss A, Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29:577-9.

Alcohol-based rubs for hand antisepsis.

Pittet D, Dharan S. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008;8(10):585-6.

The WHO Clean Care is Safer Care programme: Field-testing to enhance sustainability and spread of hand hygiene improvements.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Storr J. Journal of Infection and Public Health 2008; 1: 4-10.

Commentary: hand hygiene: it's all about when and how.

Pittet D. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29:957-9.

A unified approach to infection control: hand hygiene as the entrance door.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B. Healthcare Infection 2008;13:1-4.

Prévention des infections liées aux soins : premier défi mondial pour la sécurité des patients de l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé

Pittet D, Bagheri Nejad S, Chraiti MN, Engineer C, Leotsakos A, Richet H, Sax H, Storr J, Allegranzi B. Hygiènes 2008;16:121-128.

Transforming health-care facilities across the world into hand hygiene excellence centres: A cornerstone of patient safety.

Pittet D. Building Quality in Health Care 2008;2:6-9

The WHO Clean Care is Safer Care programme: an update.

Storr J, Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Hospital Healthcare Europe 2008.

A new way to address an old problem: the WHO multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy.

Storr J, Sax H, Chraiti M-N, Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Building Quality in Health Services 2008.

Re: help or hindrance? Is current infection control advice applicable in low- and middle-income countries? A review of the literature.

Storr J, Pittet D. Am J Infect Control 2008;36:499-501

The WHO First Global Patient Safety Challenge, Clean Care is Safer Care.

J Storr, B Allegranzi, D Pittet. Public Services 2008; Issue 14

Religion and culture: potential undercurrents influencing hand hygiene promotion in healthcare.

Allegranzi,B, Memish ZA, Donaldson L, Pittet D, MD. Am J Infect Control 2009;37:28-34.

Infection control as a major WHO priority for developing countries.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Storr J, Bagheri Nejad S, Dziekan G, Leotsakos A, Donaldson L. J Hosp Infect 2008; 68:285-92.

Clean Care is Safer Care: the First Global Patient Safety Challenge - a call to action to all health care facilities and hospitals of the world.

Storr J, Dziekan G, Leotsakos A, Pittet D, Allegranzi B. Int Hosp Fed J 2007; available on the International Hospital Federation website (click on the link below)

La prima Sfida Globale per la Sicurezza del Paziente "Le cure pulite sono cure sicure": la strategia dell’Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità per la riduzione delle infezioni correlate all’assistenza sanitaria.

Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Giornale Italiano Infezioni Ospedaliere, Oct 2007

Double-blind, randomized, crossover trial of 3 hand rub formulations: fast-track evaluation of tolerability and acceptability.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Sax H, Chraiti M-N, Griffiths W, Richet H. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28:1344-51.

"My five moments for hand hygiene" – a user-centred design approach to understand, train, monitor and report hand hygiene.

Sax H, Allegranzi B, Uçkay I, Larson E, Boyce J, Pittet D. J Hosp Infect 2007;67:9-21

Healthcare-associated infection in developing countries: simple solutions to meet complex challenges.

Allegranzi B and Pittet D. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28:1323-7

"Clean Care is Safer Care": linking healthcare behaviour to health policy.

Allegranzi B, Dziekan G, Leotsakos A, Storr J, Sax H, Pittet D. Hospital Healthcare Europe 2007-08; C10-12. Available at Hospital health care website. (click on the link below)

Information and Announcement on the First Global Patient Safety Challenge: Clean Care is Safer Care.

Storr J, Allegranzi B, Leotsakos A, Pittet D. Int J Infect Control 2007; vol 3, number 2.

Hand hygiene and health-care- associated infections - Authors’ reply.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Dharan S and Sax H. Lancet Infect Dis 2007;7;305-06

The first Global Patient Safety Challenge “Clean Care is Safer Care”: from launch to current progress and achievements.

Allegranzi B, Storr J, Dziekan G, Leotsakos A, Donaldson L, Pittet D. J Hosp Infect 2007;65 Suppl2:115-23

Behavioural considerations for hand hygiene practices: the basic building blocks.

Whitby M, Pessoa da Silva CL, McLaws M-L, Allegranzi B, Sax H, Larson E, Seto WH, Donaldson L, Pittet D. J Hosp Infect 2007;65:1-8

Prévention des infection liées aux soins: premier défi mondiale pour la sécurité des patients de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Widmer A. Bull Swiss-NOSO 2007 (in press)

Skin reactions related to hand hygiene and selection of hand hygiene products.

Larson E, Girard R, Pessoa-Silva CL, Boyce J, Donaldson L, Pittet D. Am J Infect Control 2006;34:627-35

Evidence-based model for hand transmission during patient care and the role of improved practices.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Sax H, Dharan S, Pessoa da Silva C, Donaldson L, Boyce J. Lancet Infect Dis 2006;6:641-52

Clean care is safer care.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Storr J. Public Service Review: European Union 2006;12:74-5

Hand hygiene: still not sufficiently recognized in European hospitals.

Pittet D, Storr J, Allegranzi B. Hospital Health Care 2006/7. Epub available at Hospital health care website. (click on the link below)

Clean Care is Safer Care: the Global Patient Safety Challenge.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Storr J, Donaldson L. Int J Infect Dis 2006;10:419-24

Muslim health-care workers and alcohol-based handrubs.

Ahmed QA, Memish ZA, Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Lancet 2006;367:1025-7

Challenging the world: patient safety and health care-associated infection.

Pittet D, Donaldson L. Int J Qual Health Care 2006;18:4-8 More information

Clean Care is Safer Care”: the Global Patient Safety Challenge 2005-2006.

Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Donaldson L. Public health Manager 2005;12:31-41 [in Russian]

Comparative efficacy of hand hygiene agents in the reduction of bacteria and viruses.

Rotter M, Sattar SA, Dharan S, Webber P, Voss A, Pittet D. Am J Infect Control 2005;33:558-60

Clean Care is Safer Care: a worldwide priority.

  • Full text
    pdf, 82kb

    Pittet D, Donaldson L. Reprinted from The Lancet 2006; 366: 1246-1247, with permission from Elsevier. Single copies of this article can be downloaded and printed only for personal research and study from the The Lancet website. (click on the link below)
  • The Lancet website

Clean hands reduce the burden of disease.

  • Full text
    pdf, 373kb

    Pittet D. Reprinted from The Lancet 2005, 366: 185-187, with permission from Elsevier. Single copies of this article can be downloaded and printed only for personal research and study from the The Lancet website. (click on the link below)
  • The Lancet website

Clean Care is Safer Care: the first global challenge of the WHO World Alliance for Patient Safety.

Pittet D, Donaldson L. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2005;26:891-4

Clean care is safer care: the first global challenge of the WHO World Alliance for Patient Safety.

Pittet D, Donaldson L. Am J Infect Control 2005;33:476-9

SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands promotional video

Key documents

WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care (revised Aug 2009)

Guide to implementation of the WHO multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy (revised Aug 2009)

Contact us

For more information about Clean Care is Safer Care, please contact the team at savelives@who.int.