Cameroon - Humanitarian Response Plan 2016
Cameroon faces three crises which have left 2.7 million people in need. The intensification of violence in Nigeria and in the far north of Cameroon has displaced thousands of people. There are nearly 2.4 million people who are food insecure, including 250 000 acutely malnourished children and 68 000 children with severe acute malnutrition. The conflict in Central African Republic has displaced thousands of refugees in the eastern regions of Cameroon.
The majority of the internally displaced people and approximately 15 000 refugees are residing in host communities (which total 336 000 people) who share their limited resources with the new arrivals. Civilians, especially women and children, affected by the increase in attacks and military operations are vulnerable to serious violations of their rights, their safety and psychosocial well-being. Many who fled the violence have witnessed brutal crimes and the trauma is deep and widespread.
Since July 2015, suicide bombings have caused 118 deaths and more than 384 wounded.
Health Sector Situation
An estimated 1.1 million people need assistance to meet their basic health needs in 2016 – a 20% rise since 2015. Inadequate health facilities, hygiene and sanitation may fuel the emergence of epidemics including cholera and measles.
Health centres are increasingly under pressure because of the large number of displaced people and the influx of serious injuries resulting from the conflict. In addition, 25 health centres have closed because of conflict, leaving 360 000 people without access to health care. The limited access to water and sanitation is worrying, given the frequent and recent epidemics including cholera, polio, measles, yellow fever and meningitis.
Children and women are most affected by the lack of health care services. Meanwhile new refugees from Nigeria and Central African Republic have increased the risk of epidemics and put pressure on Cameroon’s already overwhelmed health services.
The health sector aims to increase access to essential health care particularly for vulnerable populations and to build capacity in high-risk regions to help anticipate and respond to public health emergencies. The planned response will include providing continuous curative care for illnesses, providing quality reproductive health care and improving the availability of medicines and equipment for secondary and tertiary care for burn victims and war casualties. The sector also aims to strengthen early warning systems and preparedness in high-risk areas to stop or reduce the scale of potential outbreaks.
Health Sector Objectives
Objective 1: Vulnerable populations have access to good quality basic health care.
Conduct surveys to improve preparedness capacity in areas that provide care during crises.
Objective 2: Capacity in high-risk regions to anticipate and respond to emergencies is strengthened.
Build capacity in high-risk areas, to anticipate and respond to health emergencies and epidemics ensuring continued supply of curative care for common ailments.
Support reproductive health care and health care for children (e.g. vaccination).
Support the availability of drugs and equipment for secondary and tertiary care burn victims and war casualties.
Prevention and management of HIV.
Strengthen the early warning system and preparedness in high risk regions to halt or reduce the scope of possible outbreaks.
Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2016
Health partners are targeting 1.1 million people. These include:
- 296 000 refugees
- 93 000 internally displaced people
- 19 000 returnees
- 553 000 people in host communities
- 96 000 other vulnerable people
Geographical areas targeted by health partners in 2016
Adamaoua, East, North, and Far North regions.
Health partners funding requirements for 2016
US$ 12 183 767 (health partners including WHO)
WHO funding requirements for 2016
WHO is requesting a total of US$ 9 774 623