Humanitarian Health Action

28 March earthquake: Situation report 1

29 March 2005

This report is prepared in cooperation with The Center for Health Emergency Preparedness and Response (PPMK), Ministry of Health and Emergency Humanitarian Action (EHA) Section, WHO, Indonesia. Reference: Earthquake – North Sumatra Province and NAD Province, Indonesia – 29 March 2005

Indonesia earthquake 2005
Indonesia earthquake 2005

History of the earth quake and place

  • A great earthquake was noted at 23:09:36 hrs, local time at epicenter, on Monday, March 28, 2005. The magnitude was 8.7 on the Richter scale and located in NORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA. (by a seismologist). The epicenter located 90 km south of Sinabang with 30 Km Depth 2.065 N 97.010 E
  • No Major Tsunami has been reported near the epicenter as yet.
  • The earthquake was also felt in Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia and Cocos Island, Australia

Area affected

Major affects noted in the following areas.

  • Nias Island, Nias Province, Capital Gunung Sitoli, and Teluk Dalam (District Capital of South Nias)
  • Simeulue Island, NAD Province

Population at risk

The affected population hit by the earthquake was not reported as yet however Vice President Jusuf Kalla quotes "it is predicted and it's still rough estimate that the number of victims of death may be between 1,000 and 2,000"

Affected population

  • According to the information received from MOH and various sources, 1,000 persons were killed and injured in Nias Island and 200 in the Simeulue Island. However, these figures need to be confirmed by the ongoing field assessments.
  • 2,000 people became homeless and IDPs in Nias.

The Impact on Health Service and Health related facilities

  • Reports from local authorities stated that 70% of buildings collapsed in Gunung Sitoli town.
  • Telecommunication facilities are totally destroyed.
  • Bridges were also destroyed and land transportation is blocked.
  • The airport is still functioning and small planes can land.
  • The electricity is cut partially.

Central government support

Secretary of the Presidential office with team visited the affected areas on 29 March 2005. President of Indonesia will visit the areas on 30 March 2005.

Ministry of Health and WHO response to the disaster

  • Communicate through early warning system to all parties concerned, including field offices.
  • MOH and WHO Emergency relief operation meeting organized at 07:45 hrs on 29 March 2005.
  • WHO release 10,000 US$ immediately to MOH for emergency relief operation on 29 March 2005.
  • North Sumatra provincial Health Office immediately sent Emergency Brigade Team to Nias.
  • Special Emergency Surgery team lead by Prof. Idrus from Makasar, South Sulawesi province will arrive at Nias on 29 March 2005.
  • Emergency medical supplies sent to affected areas. WHO warehouses in Medan and Aceh ready to transport emergency medical supplies according to need assessment.
  • 50 medical professionals including specialist from Ministry of Health sent to Nias for rapid assessment and emergency relief operation
  • WHO Health coordinator arrived Nias on 29 March 2005 as part UN joint mission led by UNOCHA from Banda Aceh and WHO security officer participated in UN assessment mission to Simeulue island.
  • WHO Health coordinator from Meulaboeh arrived Nias with French Red Cross Team 29 March afternoon.
  • MOH, PHO and WHO joint rapid assessment team will visit affected areas starting from 30 March 2004.
  • WHO has strengthened its' office in Medan to support emergency relief services and closely monitor the situation in cooperation with MOH, Provincial and District Health Offices.
  • UN DMC meeting organized at 12:00 on 29 March 2004 at Jakarta.
  • Many UN organizations and NGOs are in the process of visiting the affected areas.

Provincial and district response to the disaster

  • Victims evacuated.
  • District health office already established health post at sub-district and district level.
  • 25 food packages were distributed to the victims.

Immediate needs

  • Mobile medical service for affected victims, injuries and trauma care.
  • About 35 patients require medical evacuation from Gunung Sitoli town.
  • Shelter, water, food including infant and supplementary food for children, clothes, blankets, sanitary measures and emergency lights.
  • Operational funding supports for health staff to mobilize and provide health services to affected areas.
  • Special transportation services to reach affected areas.
  • Satellite telecommunication support.

Contact persons in Indonesia

The following persons can be contacted if more information is needed.

Designation Organization Contact phone Fax E-mail
Dr. Doti Indrasanto Acting Head of Department Center for Emergency preparedness and response (PPMK) MOH 811173712 021-5271111
Dr. Kyaw Win (Vijay Nath) Medical Officer EHA, WHO 021-5204349 or 811933821 021-5201164
Dr. M. Nurhadi Rahman (adi) National Consultant EHA, WHO 021-5204349 or 811251200 021-5201164
Dr. Victorino National Consultant EHA, WHO 021-5204349 or 8158008230 021-5201164 or 021-5201164
WHO Operation Unit EHA, WHO 021-5204349 ext 44
Dr. Anshu Bannerjee Head of Office WHO -8121064816 + 47 241 3 7387

Source of Information from Indonesia

Information is gathered from the following sources and is not subjected for quotation as it might not reflect the actual true facts at the field level but can be used as references.

  • International and local news media
  • Bakornas buletin
  • WHO field staff in Simeulue, Nias Island and Banda Aceh