Humanitarian Health Action

Collapsed Dam of Situ Gintung, Tangerang, Banten Province

Emergency situation report No 2.

Highligths

Local residents helped by the volunteers cleaning out the debris in the aftermath of the incident
  • On Friday morning, 27th of March 2009, at 2:00 am, Situ Gintung dam burst out in Cirendeu, Ciputat, Tangerang, Banten Province, triggered by the heavy torrential rains.
  • 10 foot-high wave of water flushed into a crowded neighborhood, submerging 400 houses.
  • 98 died, 190 injured, 5 missing, and 171 persons became internally displaced.
  • 2 inpatients in Fatmawati Hospital, and 139 outpatients.
  • MOH, Crisis Center, Provincial Health Office and Tangerang District Health Office are in close collaboration with WHO Indonesia, provided integrated Emergency Health Services according to Standard Operating Procedures.
  • MOH had been established command post and temporary evacuation site at Muhammadiyah University of Jakarta and STIE Ahmad Dahlan.
Affected Areas and Incident Site Mapping
Background
  • The 32 foot-high dam of Situ Gintung, which was holding back around 70 million cubic feet of water at the Pesanggrahan river, was built up to a century ago, under the Dutch colonial rule.
  • Little maintenance had been carried out on the dam since then, and many dams in Indonesia are in similar state.
  • The collapse of the Situ Gintung was caused by the inability to accommodate more water on account of heavy rains which poured down in some districts in Banten and West Java provinces all night long on Thursday, 26th March 2009.
  • The dam was first overflown and then burst out, because the foundation was not made of concrete.
  • Cracks had already been discovered at the bottom of the embankment last February 2008. The administration had since prepared evacuation routes in case of flooding and also held a flood evacuation simulation exercise last year.
  • It was also stated that the incidents of Situ Gintung was probably due to lack of routine inspections. Therefore, the Governor of Jakarta called for immediate inspections for all 26 dams in the capital.
Situation Analysis
  • Some lakes in Banten and Bogor are also prone to the same incident as Situ Gintung, due to a lack of maintenance, such as: Situ Pondok Genda in Banten, which is located on the side of a road in a hilly area, as well as Situ Kedaung in Banten, Situ Cibinong and Situ Lebak Wangi in Bogor.
  • 200 dams in the Jabodetabek area need to be revitalized so they can continue to hold back water when there are heavy rains in upstream areas.
  • Public Works Minister has recommended to the Banten administration to vacate the area surrounding the lake, and urged local administration to stop issuing new building permits around the lake.
  • Government need to install disaster early warning systems for people living around lakes and embankment in Jakarta and its satellite towns of Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi.
  • A comprehensive assessment of the country’s infrastructure needs to be conducted. Bridges and dams should be the priority, as they have the greatest potential for casualties.
  • The assessment of buildings located the nearby rivers and other natural reserves, as well as public education campaign need to be done.
Casualties and Damage
  • Death 98
  • Injured 190
  • Inpatient 2
  • Outpatient 139
  • Missing 5
  • IDP 171
Communication, Transportation and Electricity Power

Communication and Electricity Powers are still working, while local transportation disrupted.

Response
MOH – WHO Indonesia
Rapid health assessment conducted by Crisis Centre & EHA-WHO Team
  • Rapid Assessment Team formed and deployed
  • Injured and ill cases referred to District Hospitals.
  • Establish 7 Health Post in the affected areas.
  • Mobile clinics activated to provide mobile health care services.
  • MoH deploy 10 teams of psychiatrics to help the survivors experiencing serious psychological disorders.
  • 100 teams will be deployed by MoH to conduct fogging.
  • WHO and MOH up-dating the situation and filling the gaps in collaboration with National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB)
  • WHO is in close communication with MOH in monitoring the situation through Crisis Center as well as District and Provincial Health Office.

Detail list of Emergency supply provided by Crisis Centre, MoH:

Government
A man digging through the mud inside the house
  • President of Indonesia has visited the incidence site, along with Vice President, Coordinating Minister of People Welfare, Social Affairs Minister, and Health Minister to help the victims.
  • Government will distribute compensation money range from Rp 5 million (US$ 416) up to Rp 30 million in cash based on the level of damaged houses.
  • Provide transportation & assistance to families to bury the victims who don’t belong to the province.
  • Indonesian National Police Department sent 332 personnel in a search and rescue team, along with rubber boats
  • Banten Red Cross deployed 100 personnel to help the evacuation process.
  • Vice President Jusuf Kalla donated 1 billion rupiahs (US$ 60,846) for the victims through the Banten Governor.
  • Tangerang military commander using backhoes, small trucks and excavators to clean up the rubble.
  • 1,000 search and rescue team members would keep searching for victims every day from 8 am to 5 pm until the end on Emergency phase (Thursday, 2nd of April 2009)
  • The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) provided clean water, setting up 8 temporary faucets with access to 10,000 liters of water.
  • The PMI in cooperation with Japanese Red Cross provided ‘family kits’ contain various household utensils, such as washbasins, plastic containers, dishes, glasses, water dippers, towels, spoons, etc.
  • National Commission for Child Protection set-up a trauma healing post for children.
Status of International Aid

So far the government has not officially requested any international aid. The local authorities, with support from central government and ministries, are trying their best to manage the situation so far. Agencies and Donors are welcome to provide support through on-going programmes.

For more information

Dr. Rustam S. Pakaya, MPH
Head of Department
Crisis Center (PPK – MoH)
Email: ppkdepkes@yahoo.com

Dr. Kyaw Win
Medical Officer
WHO-INO, EHA
Email: wink@who.or.id

Dr. Lucky Tjahjono, M. Kes
Head of Emergency Response and Recovery
Crisis Center (PPK – MoH)
Email: ppkdepkes@yahoo.com

Yus Rizal, M.Epid
Head Monitoring & Information
Crisis Center (PPK – MoH)
Email: ppkdepkes@yahoo.com

Source of Information from Indonesia

Information is gathered from the following sources. This report is for reference only and should not be quoted as factual accuracy can change.

  • WHO
  • Crisis Center (PPK), MoH
  • UN System
  • BNPB
  • Local and international news media

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