Humanitarian Health Action

South Asia earthquake and tsunamis: Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

At least 1 million people were directly affected, with infrastructure partially or fully destroyed as far as two kilometres inland, across 13 districts along the northern, southern and eastern coastlines. Overall, despite extensive damage to the country, the situation has been improving significantly. An increasing number of displaced populations are returning to their homes (545,492 compared to more than 850,000 on 29 December), while routine immunization activities are effectively conducted through weekly clinics. Vector control activities are strong (fogging, spraying), as is disease surveillance. Sri Lanka is shifting increasingly from an acute emergency phase to one of consolidation and reconstruction, however the situation remains acute in several areas, particularly in Ampara and Kalmunai, where sanitation infrastructure remains suboptimal.

Health priorities

  • Implementation of disease prevention activities
  • Provision of medical services, including supplies management and mobilization of additional medical professionals
  • Strengthening of disease and water quality surveillance, as well as environmental hygiene promotion
  • Improvement of sanitation infrastructure in displacement camps

Last update 26 January 2010

Events

Emergency Response Framework (ERF)

ERF is to clarify WHO’s roles and responsibilities and to provide a common approach for its work in emergencies.