Lebanon humanitarian crisis
Between 12 July and 13 August 2006, the conflict across the border between Lebanon and Israel claimed over 1300 lives, injured more than 4000 people and displaced more than a quarter of the Lebanese population, of which more than 150 000 sought refuge into Syria. Most returned home immediately after the ceasefire, although movement was impeded by the large number of cluster bombs scattered across the southern areas. The impact on the health sector can be summarized as follows:
- More than 900 000 people were displaced;
- Basic public health functions were disrupted;
- Health facilities were damaged;
- Roads and bridges were damaged, limiting access to health facilities;
- Provision of fuel, drugs, and medical supplies was disrupted.
WHO and other international agencies supported the country in its recovery efforts, providing assistance with food, medical supplies, water and non-food items and services where needed.
As the Health Cluster lead, WHO maintained the provision of priority medical and health interventions. 120 tons of chronic, acute and essential drugs as well as medical supplies and chlorine were distributed through the MOPH-WHO warehouse; 11 health centres were rehabilitated, and two vector control spraying campaigns were organized in the affected areas.
WHO established an Early Warning and Response System in the seven governorates. WHO participated in the measles and polio immunization campaign organized by the Ministry of Public Health; 20 900 and 8400 children respectively were vaccinated. WHO trained 450 and 120 health workers on reproductive and mental health in emergencies.
Health Cluster Bulletin
Calls for resource mobilization
Crisis-specific guidance to partners
Management of dead bodies
Environmental health and water and sanitation
Mental Health and psychosocial support and protection
Public Health Information
- Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health
- Communicable Diseases
- Environmental health
- Essential medicines
- Food safety
- Mental health
- Women's health
Health system and reform in Lebanon - September 2005
- WHO Country information Lebanon
- WHO Country information Israel
- WHO Country information Syria
- Web site of the Regional Office for the Eatern Mediterranean
- Web site of the Regional Office for Europe
- The International Committee of the Red Cross - the ICRC
Emergency Response Framework (ERF)
ERF is to clarify WHO’s roles and responsibilities and to provide a common approach for its work in emergencies.
Reform of WHO’s emergency capacities
WHO is undergoing substantial reform to ensure the Organization's emergency capacities are fit for purpose