Niger Humanitarian Response Plan 2016
Niger’s humanitarian situation is the result of a complex mix of armed violence, malnutrition, food insecurity, epidemics and floods. Most people affected by these crises need assistance with access to shelter and non-food goods, water, health care and education. Around two million people will need humanitarian assistance in 2016.
The nutritional situation in Niger remains a major challenge, with global acute malnutrition rates of 15%. More than one million children suffering from acute malnutrition are expected in feeding centres in 2016.
The actions of Boko Haram in the Diffa region and in the Lake Chad Islands, and instability along the border with Mali, have forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee violence. Due to its proximity relative with Algeria and Libya, Niger has also become a migration route to Europe for tens of thousands of people. But many are extremely vulnerable as they reach Niger and need to rely on humanitarian assistance.
In August 2015, about 213 000 refugees, returnees and internally displaced people were identified in the Diffa region. They mainly live with host families (an estimated 150 000 people). The state of emergency is still in force in the region, suspending local trade routes and thereby increasing the vulnerability of local populations already faced with lack of basic social services.
To the west of Niger, instability in northern Mali continues to cause displacement of people to the regions of Tillabery and Tahoua. The level of vulnerability of newcomers and the improbability that they will be able to return to Mali in the near future requires a strengthening of humanitarian assistance.
Health Sector Situation
Niger’s food insecurity and chronic malnutrition exist against a backdrop resurgent epidemics such as cholera, measles and meningitis.
The Health Cluster will focus its priority interventions in high-risk areas of cholera, meningitis, measles, and those receiving the displaced, returnees and refugees. Children under five, pregnant women, the elderly and chronically ill people who have interrupted their treatments following the travel will be targeted. The strategy aims to strengthen the resilience of the health system and communities to epidemics and health-emergency consequences by strengthening coordination.
The main activities are: protection (the clinical management of gender-based violence); nutrition (the management of medical complications of malnutrition); the fight against cholera; preparedness and response to the Ebola virus disease; reproductive health, prevention and management of STIs / HIV / AIDS, the management of chronic diseases and mental health.
Health Cluster Objectives
Objective 1: Improve access and quality primary health care, including for reproductive health and HIV/AIDS in vulnerable areas targeted.
Objective 2: Achieve prevention, preparedness and appropriate response to epidemic disease potential and other health disasters and emergencies.
Objective 3: Reinforce coordination of emergency health interventions.
Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2016
Health partners are targeting 725 000 people in 2016. These include:
- 100 000 refugees
- 25 000 migrants
- 100 000 internally displaced people
- 50 000 returnees
- 150 000 people in host communities
- 300 000 others
Health Cluster funding requirements for 2016
US$ 9 886 604 (health partners including WHO)
WHO funding requirements for 2016
WHO is appealing for a total of US$ 7 220 895