Republic of the Congo
The general health situation among the Congolese population is very precarious and characterized by a high level of mortality which is estimated at 14.3 per 1000. Under-five mortality is estimated at 108 per 1000 and maternal mortality at 787 per 100 000 live births. The high mortality and morbidity rates are mainly due to infectious diseases, especially to malaria, which remains the principal cause of morbidity, followed by diarrhoeal diseases and acute respiratory infections. There is an alarming recrudescence of tuberculosis, which is strongly associated with HIV infection. HIV/AIDS is the primary cause for death of people aged between 15 and 49 years.
In rural areas, around 30.4% of children between 0 and 71 months suffer from chronic malnutrition, compared to 15.3% in urban areas.