Overview of the health sector in the Consolidated Appeal Process 2011
The 2011 Humanitarian Appeal is requesting an overall total of US$ 7 439 360 730 to provide assistance to 50 million people in 28 countries affected by crisis and urgently needing aid to survive, avoid harm, support safety and dignity, and regain self-reliance.
For the first time, a gender marker will be implemented in Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Kenya, Niger, the occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen and Zimbabwe. This tool indicates whether humanitarian projects are designed well enough to ensure that women/girls and men/boys will benefit equally from it or that it will advance gender equality.
The CAP 2011 global health requirements are US$ 948 094 463, or approximately 12.7% of the total Appeal. WHO, as the Health Cluster lead agency, led the process for the health sector in coordination with the large number of health partners. Of these 12%, US$ 160 324 365 are requested specifically for WHO.
Timely funding will be of the essence for responding appropriately to the health needs of populations affected by crises and often dependent on assistance for their survival. The sooner a project is funded, the quicker it can benefit its intended targets.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Pakistan and Sudan stand as the countries with largest needs across all sectors. Within the Health Sector, the objectives in these four countries are:
- reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortality,
- strengthening the capacity for response to emergencies, and
- ensuring better access to quality primary and secondary health care services.
These three themes thread through all the appeals, as does the problem of malnutrition stemming from exacerbated food insecurity.
Assisting the transition from relief to development is another underlying theme. Many of the populations whose survival will depend on the Humanitarian Appeal for 2011 need not only food and health care but also the means to rebuild their own communities. Similarly, preparedness and response measures figure high on the priority tasks to be implemented in many of the CAP countries.
In addition to the CAP 2011, three Flash Appeals launched in 2010 are still running: the Pakistan Floods Relief and Early Recovery Response Plan, the Kyrgyzstan Flash Appeal and the Benin Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan.
The graph below show the amounts requested by the health sector for each CAP 2011 country and the three 2010 flash appeals.