Humanitarian Health Action

Communicable disease control in emergencies

A field manual

A manual for health professionals working in emergency situations. It provides detailed information on the fundamental principles of communicable disease control in emergencies: conducting a rapid assessment and identifying the main communicable disease threats; preventing communicable diseases by maintaining a healthy physical environment; establishing a disease surveillance/early warning system to ensure early reporting of cases and monitoring of disease trends; controling outbreaks through adequate preparedness and rapid response; and managing disease with prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. By setting standards for communicable disease control in emergencies, it is hoped that effective, coordinated action towards the prevention and control of communicable diseases in emergencies will result.