Monitoring and Evaluation
The Three Year Programme (TYP), which was developed to strategize WHO's health action in crises, aimed at improving WHO's institutional capacity to contribute to improved health action in crises, with a strong focus on improving organizational, programmatic, team and individual performance and delivery of WHO's four core functions in emergencies.
The TYP has three main components:
- Effective WHO Capacity within countries: Provide sufficient support for effective health action before, during and after crises, by ensuring:
- Preparedness: strengthen the overall capacity of countries to manage all types of crises;
- Response: provide effective, efficient, and timely action to address main public health priorities;
- Recovery and Rehabilitation: ensure that the local health systems are functional and include integrated risk-reduction measures;
- Mitigation: reduce the vulnerability of systems necessary for optimal public health to effects of crises.
- Synergy and standardization of the overall WHO response: emphasize improved WHO performance at the country level, which requires a strong union between all parts of the Organization to create:
- Readiness and Cohesiveness: make the expertise of the entire Organization and international goodwill immediately available when needed;
- An accessible bank of useful knowledge.
- Rapid Response Mechanism: all WHO offices must be able to immediately mobilize and/or activate the following resources: security, operating procedures, information management, coordination, logistics, and security.
Constant monitoring and evaluation of the capacity of WHO is key to maintaining the momentum of improving and managing performance. Concrete mechanisms were put in place to monitor progress of the TYP including the design and implementation of a five-tiered monitoring system, establishment of a Global Steering Group and a Performance Enhancement Group at HQ, defining levels of performance, identification of technical and managerial competencies of key staff and the design and implementation of a HAC training and learning strategy to address competency gaps.