Health Accounts

Global Health Expenditure Database

The Global Health Expenditure Database (GHED) presents internationally comparable health expenditures for all WHO Member States from 1995 to present.

Our data are grouped in two separate databases:

  • Global Health Account data and indicators (gHA):


    The global health expenditure database provides internationally comparable numbers on health expenditures. WHO updates the data annually, adjusting and estimating the numbers based on publicly available reports (health account reports, reports from the Ministry of Finance, Central Bank, National Statistics Offices, public expenditure information and reports from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, etc.) The estimates are sent out to the Ministries of Health for validation prior to publication but users are advised that country data may still differ in terms of definitions, data collection methods, population coverage and estimation methods used. This database is the source also for the health expenditure tables in the World Health Statistics and the WHO Global Health Observatory (GHO).
  • Country HA tables (cHA):



    These are the tables/matrices of general and disease-specific health expenditures as presented in countries' own original health accounts reports. The data is presented in tabular format and by indicator. For the indicators, the health expenditures are taken from the tables but the denominators (macro variables like GDP and population) are taken from GHED.

Both databases allow users to explore the data and build their own tables, charts and maps (select the Database Explorer). They can also use pre-defined report templates to retrieve tables, maps and a range of charts including bubble or motion charts (select Quick Report).

WHO collects and publishes data throughout the year:

  • in October-December: At time of collection data for t-1 is collected
  • in January and February: updates and revisions of final data for t-2 calendar year

The data is updated for all the countries in March every year.