documents are organized alphabetically, though responses are grouped with the original
document. Recent publications are marked . For the complete
list of debates, by topic, click
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To aid your understanding, please refer to the glossary of terms related to
health systems performance.
|To learn more about the WHO
technical consultation on fairness in financial contribution, click here.
more information on WHO's current work on fairness in financial contribution, click here.
W and Kasperian R. What is fair in financing fairness? Lebanese Medical Journal,
E. World Health Report 2000: the position of Slovak Republic. Bratislavske Lekarske
Listy, 2000, 101(9):477-83.
Reproduced with permission from the journal. © Bratislavske
J. Statistical Inference of Progressivity Dominance: An Application to Health Care
Financing Distributions. Journal of Health Economics, 2001, 20(3):363-77.
Abstract: This paper employs a
distribution-free statistical test suitable for comparisons based on dependent samples to
analyse changes in health care financing distributions on Finnish data. In distinction to
the more general summary index approach used in most studies of progressivity measurement,
the difference between the Lorenz curve of income inequality and the concentration curves
of various taxes and payments is used to evaluate progressivity dominance and changes in
progressivity. Sample weights are applied to account for the effect of sampling design and
non-response. The analysis demonstrates that the dominance approach can be successfully
applied to various types of distributional problems besides comparisons concerning
differences in income distributions. As an empirical application the paper presents
estimation results for the progressivity of various health care financing sources using
data from the 1987 and 1996 Finnish Health Care Surveys.
Abstract reprinted from Journal of Health Economics,
20, Klavus J, Statistical Inference of Progressivity Dominance: An Application to Health
Care Financing Distributions, 363-77, 2001, with permission from Elsevier Science.
Journal of Health Economics webpage: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jhealeco
|Oswaldo Cruz Foundation and The Brazilian Ministry of Health. Report
of the workshop "Health Systems Performance: The World Health Report 2000", Rio
de Janiero, 14-15 December 2000.
|Shaw RP. World Health Report 2000 "financial
fairness indicator": Useful compass or crystal ball? International Journal of Health
Services, 2002, 32(1):195-203.
|Wagstaff A. Reflections on and
alternatives to WHO's fairness of financial contribution index. Health Economics,
A. Measuring Equity in Health Care Financing: Reflections on and Alternatives to the World
Health Organization's Fairness of Financing Index. 4-5-2001. Development Research Group
and Human Development Network, World Bank.
A, van Doorslaer E, van der BH, Calonge S, Christiansen T, Citoni G et al. Equity in the
finance of health care: some further international comparisons. Journal of Health
Economics, 1999, 18(3):263-90.
paper presents further international comparisons of progressivity of health care financing
systems. The paper builds on the work of Wagstaff et al. [Wagstaff, A., van Doorslaer E.,
et al., 1992. Equity in the finance of health care: some international comparisons,
Journal of Health Economics 11, pp. 361--387] but extends it in a number of directions: we
modify the methodology used there and achieve a higher degree of cross-country
comparability in variable definitions; we update and extend the cross-section of
countries; and we present evidence on trends in financing mixes and progressivity.
Abstract reprinted from Journal of Health
Economics, 18, Wagstaff A et. al., Equity in the finance of health care: some further
international comparisons, 263-90, 1999, with permission from Elsevier Science.
Journal of Health Economics webpage: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jhealeco;
the full text of this article is available at this site.
|World Health Organization. The methods and data used in the World
Health Report 2000: A response to the commentary made by the Brazilian delegation to the
Executive Board, 17 and 19 January 2001. (This is also a response to the report listed
above from the Rio de Janeiro conference on the WHR2000.)
|GPE discussion papers.
For a complete list, click here.
|Murray CJL, Knaul F, Musgrove P, Xu K, Kawabata K. Defining and
measuring fairness in financial contribution to the health system. Global Programme on
Evidence for Health Policy Discussion Paper Series: No. 24. World Health Organization.