Selected country experiences
Although Argentina has a fairly well developed health system, in 1997 comparable countries such as Chile, Costa Rica or Uruguay, had a higher life expectancy and lower infant mortality rates despite spending less on health per capita. During the 1990s, Argentina went through major economic upheaval as well as a far-reaching health care reform. This included restructuring, decentralizing and liberalising its health financing mechanisms based on tax-funding and social health insurance.
The following paper explores that specific period of institutional changes in the health sector and its impact on health service utilization and catastrophic out-of-pocket payments.