Third Advanced Course on Health Financing for Universal Coverage for low and middle income countries
WHO is pleased to announce its third Advanced Course on Health Financing for universal health coverage (UHC) for low- and middle-income countries, to be held from 13 to 17 June 2016 in Barcelona, Spain. This week-long advanced training programme is organized by WHO’s Health Financing Policy team based in Geneva, and delivered in collaboration with the WHO Regional Office for Europe (Barcelona Office for Health System Strengthening).
The health financing country diagnostic provides step-by-step guidance on how to undertake a comprehensive situation analysis of a country’s health financing system. This guide considers a number of issues including the current of level, mix and sources of funding for the health sector and institutional arrangements for health financing. It also assesses the performance of the system against the objectives and goals of universal health coverage (UHC).
The guide is written for Ministries of Health and other actors responsible for developing and implementing health financing policies, as well as those in an advisory role.
As part of the Montreux Collaborative Agenda, WHO is collecting and synthesizing qualitative country experience with mobilizing revenue for the health sector through earmarks. In collaboration with the Joint Learning Network for UHC, WHO has developed a typology to characterize all earmarking policy instruments for the health sector and a new living database to compile and categorize all cases of earmarking revenues for health. There is also a platform for users to add to the database by providing information on additional country examples or to validate and refine information that is already included.
The Organizational ASsessment for Improving and Strengthening Health Financing (OASIS) is an analytical approach that can be used to assess a country's current health financing situation and the way it functions and performs. OASIS can help understand a system’s strengths and weaknesses and get a deeper understanding of the reasons for good or inadequate performance and can identify bottlenecks in institutional design and organizational practice. It also helps inform policy and efforts to develop reform options to move towards universal health coverage.
WHO convened health and finance officials and experts from a dozen countries and several partner agencies meeting, including the World Bank, the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, PEPFAR and the GAVI Alliance, UNAIDS, the UK Department for International Development, the Providing for Health Network, and the OECD in Montreux, Switzerland in December 2014. The meeting looked at how government health budgets, the largest single element of public funding, can be both increased and better spent to drive health system performance. A collaborative agenda for future work with specific products and timelines was agreed.
Health financing for universal coverage
Universal health coverage (UHC) aims to ensure that everyone, everywhere, can access quality health services without facing financial hardship as a result. Every year 100 million people are pushed into poverty and 150 million people globally suffer financial catastrophe annually because of out-of-pocket expenditure on health services. Financial protection is at the core of UHC and improving financial protection is a central focus of health financing policy.