Law, regulation and strategizing for health
Chapter 10 in Strategizing national health in the 21st century: a handbook
Law and regulation set the ground rules for strategizing for health. Regulation represents a key means by which a government gives effect to its health policy preferences, especially through the exercise of a government’s law-making powers. The last 25 years have seen major changes to the way that governments organize themselves, provide services and make and implement policy. A range of decisions that were once taken by a health minister or a health ministry are now taken by regional and local government, autonomous public sector agencies, private firms, nongovernmental organizations and individuals. As a result regulation has grown in importance as a key lever for governments to affect the quantity, quality, safety and distribution of services in health system.
This chapter analyzes different aspects and types of law and regulation and how it should be taken into account during each step of the national health planning process.