Healthy Settings

Additional Resources

By Type of Setting

General Settings Documents
  • Baric L. (1993) The settings approach -- implications for policy and strategy. Journal of the Institute of Health Education. 29: 114-120.
  • Dooris M. (2006) Healthy settings: challenges to generating evidence of effectiveness. Health Promotion International. 21(1):55-65.
  • Dooris M. (2004) Joining up settings for health: A valuable investment for strategic partnerships? Critical Public Health. 14(1):49-61.
  • Dooris M, Dowding G, Thompson J, & Wynne C. (1998) The settings-based approach to health promotion. In: Tsouros A, Dowding G, Thompson J, Dooris M.(eds) Health Promoting Universities: Concept, Experience and Framework for Action. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen.
  • Green L, Poland B, & Rootman I. (2000) The settings approach to health promotion. In: Poland B, Green L, Rootman I (eds) Settings for Health Promotion: Linking Theory and Practice. Sage, London.
  • Kickbusch I. (1995) An overview to the settings-based approach to health promotion. In: Theaker T, Thompson J (eds), 1995, The Settings-Based Approach to Health Promotion: Report of an International Working Conference, 17–20 November 1993. Hertfordshire Health Promotion, Welwyn Garden City.
  • Paton K, Sengupta S, and Hassan L. (2005) Settings, systems and organisation development: The Healthy Living and Working Model. Health Promotion International. 20: 81–89.
  • Wenzel E. (1997). A comment on settings in health promotion. Internet Journal of Health Promotion.
  • Whitelaw S. et al. (2001). 'Settings' based health promotion: a review. Health Promotion International. 16(4): 339-353.
Other Background Documents
  • Jacoby E. R., Montezuma R., Rice M., Malo M., and Creso C. (2005) " Transportation, Urban Development, and Public Safety in Latin America: Their Importance to Public Health and an Active Lifestyle", Scientific and Technical Publication, PAHO, No. 612, 221-243.
  • PPHSN Bulletin (2001) Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network Bulletin. (
  • WHO (1980) European Regional Strategy for Health for All by the Year 2000, Copenhagen.
  • WHO (1981) Global Strategy Health for All by the Year 2000, Geneva.
  • WHO (1986) Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. WHO/HPR/HEP/95.1, Geneva.
  • WHO (1991) Sundsvall Statement on Supportive Environments for Health. WHO/HPR/HEP/95.3, Geneva.
  • WHO (1997) The Jakarta Declaration on Leading Health Promotion into the 21st century. WHO/PPE/PAC/97.6, Geneva.
  • WHO (1998). Health Promotion Glossary, Geneva. (
  • WHO (2005) Settings-based initiatives to address environmental risks to children's health - What works? (Annex 3). In: Consultation report - Healthy Environments for Children Alliance, Inter-regional Consultation, Improving Children's Environmental Health in Settings, Experiences and lessons for policies and action. Entebbe, Uganda. (
  • WHO PAHO (2005) Evaluation recommendations for policymakers in the Americas. WHO/PAHO, Washington.
Healthy Cities Documents
  • Boonekamp GMM, Colomer C, Tomás A, Nuñez A (1999) Healthy Cities Evaluation: the co-ordinators perspective. Health Promotion International. 14(2): 103-110.
  • Harpham et al. (2001). Healthy city projects in developing countries: The first evaluation. Health Promotion International. 16(2): 111-125.
  • Khosh-Chashm K. (1995) Healthy Cities and Healthy Villages. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 1(2): 103-111.
  • Kenzer M. (2000) Healthy Cities: A guide to the literature. Public Health Reports 115: 279–289.
  • Tsouros A. (1995) The WHO Healthy Cities Project: state of the art and future plans. Health Promotion International. 10(2): 133-141.
  • Tsouros, A. (1992) World Health Organization Healthy Cities Project: A Project Becomes a Movement, Review of Progress, 1987 to 1990. Published for the WHO Healthy Cities Project Office. FADL Publishers, Copenhagen.
  • WHO (2000a). Healthy Cities in Action: WHO/UNDP-Life Healthy City Projects in Five Countries: An Evaluation. PHE. Geneva.
  • WHO EMRO (1995) Healthy Cities and Healthy Villages: How to tackle health and environmental problems in urban and rural areas. Eastern Mediterranean Healthy Journal. Vol 1, Issue 1: 103-111. ( (last accessed 6.5.2007)
  • WHO EURO (1995) Twenty steps for developing a healthy Cities project. 2nd ed. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen.
  • WHO EURO (2003). Healthy Cities around the world: An overview of the Healthy Cities movement in the six WHO regions. International Healthy Cities Conference. Belfast.
Healthy Villages Documents
  • Khosh-Chashm K. (1995) Healthy Cities and Healthy Villages. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 1(2): 103-111.
  • Kiyu Steinkuehler A, Hashim J, Hall J, Lee PSF, & Taylor R. (2006) Evaluation of the Healthy Village Programme in Kapit District, Sarawak, Malaysia. Health Promotion International. 21(1):13-18.
  • WHO (2002) Healthy Villages: A guide for communities and community health workers, Geneva.
Health Promoting Schools Documents
  • Deschenes et al. (2003). Comprehensive approaches to school health promotion: how to achieve broader implementation. Health Promotion International. 18(4): 387-396.
  • Rowling L. (1996). The adaptability of the health promoting schools concept: A case study from Australia. Health Education Research. 11(4): 519-526.
  • WHO (1999). Improving Health Through Schools: National and International Strategies. WHO information series on school health.
  • WHO (2000b). Local Action Creating Health Promoting Schools. WHO information series on school health.
  • WHO EURO (2006). What is the evidence on school health promotion in improving health or preventing disease and, specifically, what is the effectiveness of the healthy promoting schools approach? Health Evidence Network.
Healthy Workplaces Documents
  • Burton J. (2006) Creating Healthy Workplaces. Industrial Accident Prevention Association.
  • Chu et al. (2000) Health-promoting workplaces - international settings development. Health Promotion international. 15(2): 155-167.
Healthy Markets Documents
  • WHO (2006) A guide to healthy food markets. (
  • WHO WPRO (2004) Healthy Marketplaces in the Western Pacific: Guiding Future Action. (
Healthy Islands Documents
  • Galea G. et al. (2000) Healthy Islands in the Western Pacific - international settings development. Health Promotion International. 15(2): 169.
  • Nutbeam D. (1996). Healthy Islands - A truly ecological model of health promotion. Health Promotion International. 11(4): 263.
  • WHO WPRO (1995) Yanuca Island Declaration. WPR/RC46/INF.DOC/1., Manila.
  • WHO WPRO (1997) Rarotonga agreement "Towards Healthy Islands", Manila.
Health Promoting Hospitals Documents
  • Whitehead D. (2004). The European Health Promoting Hospitals (HPH) project: How far on ? Health Promotion International. 19(2):259.
  • Whitehead D. (2005). "Health Promoting Hospitals: The role and function of nursing". Journal of Clinical Nursing. 14: 20.
  • WHO (1991a), Budapest Declaration on Health Promoting Hospitals, WHO Copenhagen.
Health Promoting Prisons Documents
  • Whitehead D. (2006). "The health promoting prison (HPP) and its imperative for nursing". International Journal of Nursing Studies. 43: 123.
  • WHO EURO (2007) Health in Prisons - A WHO guide to the essentials in prison health, (Chap. 3, P. Hayton, "Protecting and promoting health in prison: a settings approach".)
Health Promoting Universities Documents
  • WHO EURO (1998). Health Promoting Universities: Concept, experience, and framework for action. Tsouros A, Dowding G, Thompson J, & Dooris M. (Eds). Copenhagen.
  • Xiangyang T. et al. (2003) "Beijing health promoting universities." Health Promotion International. 18(2): 107

List of Resources

  1. Alphabetical
  2. By Type of Setting