Environment and health in developing countries

Notes and references


Mortality from urban air pollution is estimated with reference to small particulates as an indicator for exposure; mortality from exposure to lead (both from airborne particles and from other sources) is thus presented here as a separate estimate. Mortality rates from malaria, diarrhoea and unintentional poisonings are derived from estimates of annual deaths by cause, age and WHO subregion in 2002, cited in the World health report 2003(3). Mortality from indoor air pollution is derived from attributable mortality by risk factor and age group, for the year 2000, cited in the World health report 2002 (2). Mortality from road traffic accidents is derived from the World report on road traffic injury prevention (4). Proportion of deaths among pedestrians in poor countries is from Nantulya VM, Reich MR. "The neglected epidemic: road traffic injuries in developing countries" (5). Reference to "developing countries" refers to region and mortality stratum as defined in the World health report 2003 (3).


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