Directory of resources on transport, health and environment in developing countries


Surveillance/monitoring of pollution indicators/health impacts

Note: This section also contains models & tools for estimation/assessment of trends and impacts.

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    Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Data in Asia today. On line data base of air pollution levels in various Asian urban centres. Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities. World Bank and Asian Development Bank,
    http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-59646.html
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    Air Impacts.org Databases. A search engine and internet portal led by the UNEP Risoe Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development (URC), in partnership with the World Bank, United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), and research institutions. Addresses health and economic impacts of air pollution, including climate change, in both developing and developed countries. Denmark.
    http://www.airimpacts.org/index.asp?page=databases
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    Chow JC, Watson JG. Monitoring and assessing particulate matter. In: Urbanization, energy, and air pollution in China, the challenges ahead. Proceedings of a symposium (2004), development, security, and cooperation policy and global affairs. National Research Council of the National Academies, National Academy of Engineering of the National Academies, Chinese Academy of Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2006.
    http://darwin.nap.edu/books/0309093236/html/125.html
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    Environmental health indicators for Europe: a pilot indicator-based report. Indicators on transport and accidents. Copenhagen, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2004 (EUR/04/5046026).
    http://www.euro.who.int/document/e82938.pdf
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    Haq G et al. Benchmarking urban air quality management and practice in major and mega cities of Asia, Stage I. Seoul, Air Pollution in the Megacities of Asia (APMA) Project, Korea Environment Institute, 2002. Contains some initial data on transport's contribution to urban air pollution in major Asian cities.
    http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/sei/rapidc2/benchmarking/pt1.pdf
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    Anderson HR et al. Meta-analysis of time-series studies of particulate matter (PM) and ozone (O3). Report of a WHO task group. Copenhagen, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2004.
    http://www.euro.who.int/document/e82792.pdf
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    Breuer D, ed. Monitoring ambient air quality for health impact assessment. Copenhagen, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 1999 (European Series, No. 85).
    http://www.euro.who.int/document/e67902.pdf
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    Cohen A et al. Urban air pollution. In: Mazzati M et al., eds. Comparative quantification of health risks: global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. Volume 2. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004:1353–1433.
    http://www.who.int/publications/cra/en/index.html
    http://www.who.int/publications/cra/chapters/volume2/1353-1434.pdf
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    Emission Data Base for Global Atmospheric Research – EDGAR. The EDGAR data base stores global inventories of direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions from anthropogenic sources. Bilthoven, the Netherlands, National Institute for Public Heath and the Environment.
    http://arch.rivm.nl/env/int/coredata/edgar/index.html
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    Emission Factors Data Base. This data base contains the pollution emission factors used in the United Kingdom Emissions Inventory as well as factors specifically designed for local inventories of vehicle pollution emissions. United Kingdom, National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory.
    http://www.naei.org.uk/emissions/index.php
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    Guttikunda S, Johnson T. Source apportionment of urban air pollution in Asia and Latin America. Presented at Better Air Quality Conference, Agra, India, 6–8 December, 2004. Washington, DC, World Bank, Environment Department, 2004.
    http://www.cleanairnet.org/baq2004/1527/article-59121.html
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    Health effects and risks of transport systems: the hearts project. Copenhagen, WHO regional office for Europe, World Health Organization, 2006.
    http://www.euro.who.int/hearts/20060620_2
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    Health effects and risk of transport systems (HEARTS) . Rome, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. Tools for modelling the health impacts of exposures to transport-generated pollution.
    http://www.euro.who.int/eprise/main/WHO/Progs/HTS
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    Huizenga C et al. Benchmarking urban air quality management in Asian cities. Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities. Presented at the 13th World Clean Air and Environmental Protection Congress and Exhibition, 22–27 August 2004, London, United Kingdom.
    http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-58984.html
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    International Vehicle Emissions Model (IVE). A computer model designed to estimate emissions from motor vehicles in developing countries. Sponsored by Global Sustainable Systems Research, Rancho Cucamonga, California, USA.
    http://www.gssr.net/ive/index.html
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    MOBILE5 vehicle emission modelling software. MOBILE5 estimates emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen from highway vehicles. Washington, DC, United States Environmental Protection Agency.
    http://www.epa.gov/otaq/m5.htm`
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    Modeling. Contains various tools for air quality modeling. Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities, sponsored by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (accessed online July 2005).
    http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/propertyvalue-13841.html
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    Monitoring ambient air quality for health impact assessment. Copenhagen, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 1999 (European Series, No. 85).
    http://www.euro.who.int/document/e67902.pdf
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    Ostro B. Outdoor air pollution: assessing the environmental burden of disease at national and local levels. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004 (Environmental Burden of Disease Series, No. 5).
    http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/publications/ebd5/en/
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    The PEP Clearing House – Transport, health and the environment: the Pan-European Programme. Tools for monitoring and assessment; indicators and data in the pan-European region. Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP), sponsored by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva.
    http://www.thepep.org/CHWebSite/chviewer.aspx?cat=c9
    http://www.thepep.org/CHWebSite/
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    Vehicle emissions: technical tools. Contains links to various emissions modeling tools. Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities, sponsored by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (accessed online July 2005).
    http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia/1412/article-58264.html
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    World Development Indicators, 2005. Table 3.12: Traffic and congestion, and Table 3.13: Air pollution. Washington, DC, World Bank, 2005.
    http://www.worldbank.org/data/wdi2005/wditext/Cover.htm
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    Zhang Y, Zhu X, and Zeng L, Source apportionment of fine-particle pollution in Beijing. In: Urbanization, energy, and air pollution in China, the challenges ahead. Proceedings of a symposium (2004), development, security, and cooperation policy and global affairs. National Research Council of The National Academies, National Academy of Engineering of The National Academies, Chinese Academy of Engineering, Chinese Academy Of Sciences. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2006.
    http://darwin.nap.edu/books/0309093236/html
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