The determinants of health
Evidence of health impact focus on:
- Accidents between motor vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians (particularly children and young people).
- Pollution from burning fossil fuels such as particulates and ozone.
- Noise from transportation.
- Psychosocial effects such as severance of communities by large roads and the restriction of children’s movement.
- Climate change due to CO2 emission
- Loss of land
- Improved physical activity from cycling or walking
- Increased access to employment, shops and support services
- Recreational uses of road spaces
- Contributes to economic development
- Vector borne diseases
Documents on the evidence of health impacts from transport policies
- WHO Europe website on health impacts of transport
A different route to health: implications of transport policies
HIA for regeneration projects volume II: Selected evidence base
Transport and health study group
Informing Transport Health Impact Assessment in London
- WHO, Concern for Europe’s tomorrow