Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

The determinants of health


Evidence of health impact focus on:

  • Accidents between motor vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians (particularly children and young people).
  • Pollution from burning fossil fuels such as particulates and ozone.
  • Noise from transportation.
  • Psychosocial effects such as severance of communities by large roads and the restriction of children’s movement.
  • Climate change due to CO2 emission
  • Loss of land
  • Improved physical activity from cycling or walking
  • Increased access to employment, shops and support services
  • Recreational uses of road spaces
  • Contributes to economic development
  • Vector borne diseases

Documents on the evidence of health impacts from transport policies