Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

The determinants of health


Evidence of health impacts focuses on environmental and social determinants related to:

  • the transmission of agents of infectious disease from human and animal excreta (sanitation, hygiene and water-related);
  • exposure to toxic chemicals in human and animal excreta; and in industrial wastes discharged into the environment;
  • environmental degradation, direct and indirect impacts on health;
  • exposure to radioactive wastes;
  • exposure to health-care wastes;
  • exposure to solid wastes and involvement in informal waste recycling; and
  • breeding of disease vectors.

Waste evidence documents