Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

Health in the Green Economy

Transport report launched at United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP 17)

Durban, South Africa, 6 December 2011

Low-carbon transport measures can provide "win-win" options for developed and developing countries that benefit health as well as reducing climate change, suggests a new WHO report launched at COP17 in Durban, South Africa, 6 December. The report identifies some of the "win-win" strategies that can help reduce climate change in one of the world's most polluting sectors, and generate large health benefits at the same time.

Among the measures are better systems for rapid transit, walking and cycling, as well as urban land use that emphasizes greater "access" to key destinations by these modes. These strategies all can help promote physical activity, which can prevent heart disease, some cancers and type 2 diabetes; reduce health-harming air pollution exposures; and reduce injury risks when cycle/pedestrian networks are made safer.