Environmental HIA: Evaluation of a ten-step model
Germany - 1999
Environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) is a component of environmental impact assessment dealing specifically with impact on human health. This peer-reviewed article describes an evaluation of the EHIA ten-step model. The evaluation includes the following components: analysis of the status quo concerning EHIA, including the legal basis and existing approaches; survey of current practice and involvement of public health departments concerning EHIA; analysis of EHIA documents with respect to coverage of health aspects; comparison and evaluation of existing EHIA approaches; development of a "generic" EHIA concept that would be broadly acceptable from scientific as well as from practical perspectives; deployment of quantitative risk assessment as a key methodology for EHIA; and evaluation of the concept in model applications. The outcomes of two field applications of the model are also presented: the enlargement of a waste disposal facility and the planning of a major bypass road.
Author and Email
WHO Collaborating Centre for Regional Health Policy and Public Health
Landesinstitut für Gesundheit und Arbeit des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen