HIV/AIDS

An HIV-positive mother with her HIV-negative baby in Kampala, Uganda.

WHO information note on the use of dual HIV/Syphilis rapid diagnostic tests (RDT)

This information note provides interim advice for countries using or planning to introduce dual HIV/syphilis RDT in antenatal services and other testing sites pending forthcoming WHO programmatic guidance, including a WHO recommended testing strategy. This note also emphasizes the need to ensure the quality of HIV and syphilis testing using RDTs, as well as laboratory-based testing, to avoid false positive and false negative HIV and syphilis results.

© 2014 Francis Nsanga/UHMG, Courtesy of Photoshare
Men holding each other while sitting in a public park

All you need to know about men who have sex with men and HIV

20 January 2017 - Thirty years after the initial description of the HIV in North American men who have sex with men, the global community faces re-emerging and newly documented HIV epidemics in men who have sex with men (MSM), with estimated median HIV prevalence ranging from 4.3% in South East Asia to 14.9% in the African region (2015 data). Visit our comprehensive web site to check out the latest policies, programme guidance and research work WHO and partners are undertaking in this work area.

© UNICEF/Mawa
Woman in door step

All you need to know about sex workers

20 January 2017 - Globally, female sex workers are 13.5% more likely to be living with HIV than other women of reproductive age; in Asia, female sex workers are almost 30% more likely to be living with HIV. Modelling studies indicate that decriminalising sex work could lead to a 46% reduction in new HIV infections in sex workers over 10 years; eliminating sexual violence against sex workers could lead to a 20% reduction in new HIV infections. Visit our comprehensive web site to check out the latest policies, programme guidance and research work WHO and partners are undertaking in this work area.

© UNICEF/Asselin
Men holding a HIV flyer from behind the bars in a prison setting

All you need to know about people in prisons

20 January 2017 - The estimated global HIV prevalence in prisoners is 3%. In some settings, the HIV prevalence in prison is 15 times higher than in the general adult population. Recommended HIV prevention and treatment services are usually unavailable in prison settings: only about 5% of countries have needle/syringe programmes in prisons and only 1 in 3 provide prison based opioid substitution therapy. Visit our comprehensive web site to check out the latest policies, programme guidance and research work WHO and partners are undertaking in this work area.

© UNAIDS/P. Virot
Ahmed Qussai, 42, poses for a portrait with his children. Irak

WHO experts discuss differentiated HIV service delivery

20 December 2016 – The World Health Organization convened a consultation of global experts to discuss existing evidence, policy and practice in applying inclusive differentiated service models for ART delivery to specific populations, such as pregnant and breastfeeding women, children, adolescents and key populations. The final meeting report is now published on our website outlining key discussions on potential implementation approaches of such models in different epidemic settings.

Jake Naughton/IRIN

fact buffet

People living with HIV

36.7 million There were approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2015.

For more: Data and statistics

People on antiretroviral therapy

18.2 millionAs of mid-2016, 18.2 million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment worldwide.

For more: 10 facts on HIV/AIDS

Mother-to-child transmission

7 out of 107 out of 10 pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral treatment.

For more: Data and statistics

In focus: key populations

Transgender image

Transgender women are around 49 times more likely to be living with HIV than other adults of reproductive age with an estimated worldwide HIV prevalence of 19%. Learn more about HIV and transgender people from our comprehensive website.


#HIV

Towards ending AIDS by 2030

Global health sector strategy on HIV, 2016-2021

The Global health sector strategy on HIV, 2016-2021, outlines what countries need to do and what WHO will do to achieve the ambitious target of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.


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