VIH/SIDA

Threshold survey evaluating transmitted HIV drug resistance among public antenatal clinic in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Antiviral Therapy Volume 13, 2008; Supplement 2: 89–94

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Fecha de publicación: April 2008

Since its identification in the early 1980s, the HIV pandemic has been mounting an alarming global attack. According to reports from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the global burden of HIV at the end of 2005 was estimated at 38.6 million individuals, of whom nearly two-thirds (about 24.5 million) lived in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia has suffered some of the world’s most devastating human losses due to HIV. Of the nearly 73 million Ethiopian people, about 1,300,000 are estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS deaths in adults and children were estimated at between 38,000 and 130,000 in 2005 alone. In 2005, antenatal care (ANC) surveillance data revealed that the adjusted national HIV prevalence for the country was 3.5% (urban 10.5% and rural 1.9%). The lower estimate of overall prevalence in 2005 compared with that found in 2003 (4.4%; urban 12.6% and rural 4.6) is attributed to expansion of surveillance into rural areas where prevalence is known to be lower.

Co-produced with the International Medical Press.
© 2008 International Medical Press. Reproduced with permission.