Surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance among women attending antenatal clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Antiviral Therapy Volume 13, 2008; Supplement 2: 77–82
Since the beginning of the 21st century, access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) has dramatically increased in resource-limited settings where the majority of HIV-infected individuals who need this life-saving treatment live. The increase in the number of individuals receiving ART is the result of several initiatives including the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. To facilitate the implementation of ART programmes in resource-limited settings, public health guidelines have been developed to ensure favourable treatment outcomes and to minimize the emergence of HIV drug resistance (HIVDR). Key components of these guidelines include the standardization and simplification of antiretroviral (ARV) regimens and the avoidance of substandard treatment. The adoption of these guidelines in scaling-up ART programmes in countries in Africa and other parts of the world has led to treatment outcomes comparable to those attained in North America and Western Europe.
Co-produced with the International Medical Press.
© 2008 International Medical Press. Reproduced with permission.