Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle-income countries

Recommendations for a public health approach

Publication details

Editors: WHO Department of HIV/AIDS
Number of pages: 52
Publication date: December 2012
ISBN: 978 92 4 150474 4



The objective of this document is to provide technical recommendations on effective interventions for the prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among sex workers and their clients. These include evidence-based recommendations following the GRADE methodology as well as recommendations for good practice.

Good practice recommendations are overarching principles derived not from scientific evidence but from common sense, ethics and human rights principles. These recommendations did not go through a formal GRADE process but should be strongly promoted in all interventions with sex workers.

The technical recommendations are supported not only by scientific evidence but also the lived experience of sex workers around the world as expressed in the results of a community values and preferences survey and at the guideline consensus meeting.

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