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Evidence for action series

Technical papers and policy briefs on HIV/AIDS and injecting drug users

WHO has reviewed the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of the key components of the comprehensive package of interventions in the Evidence for action (E4A) series. This series consists of two types of documents, technical papers and policy briefs.

  • The E4A policy briefs can be used for advocacy purposes for policy makers regarding the importance of these interventions. They are available in a number of languages and will be translated into more.
  • The E4A technical papers summarise the evidence in more detail and will be useful for service providers and planners.

Policy guidelines for collaborative TB and HIV services for injecting and other drug users: an integrated approach

Technical paper (2008)

English [pdf 3mb]
Chinese [pdf 2mb]

Policy brief (2008)

English [pdf 353kb]
Spanish [pdf 379kb]

IDU ART and IDU Policy thmbnail

Interventions to address HIV in prisons - HIV care, treatment and support

Technical paper (2007)

English [pdf 794kb]
Russian [pdf 1.47mb]

Antiretroviral therapy and injecting drug users
Policy brief (2005)

English [pdf 214kb]
Russian [pdf 726kb]
Chinese [pdf 2.15mb]
Khmer [pdf 339kb]
Lao [pdf 1.78mb]
Mongolian [pdf 681kb]
Vietnamese [pdf 2.13mb]

IDU outreach

Effectiveness of community-based outreach in preventing HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users

Technical paper (2004)

English [pdf 302kb]

Reduction of HIV transmission through outreach
Policy brief (2004)

English [pdf 222kb]
Chinese [pdf 171kb]
Khmer [pdf 152kb]
Lao [pdf 200kb]
Malaysian [pdf 1.1mb]
Mongolian [pdf 1mb]
Romanian [pdf 324kb]
Russian [pdf 169kb]
Vietnamese [pdf 900kb]

IDU needles thumbnail

Effectiveness of sterile needle and syringe programming in reducing HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users

Technical paper (2005)

English [pdf 338kb]

Provision of sterile injecting equipment to reduce HIV transmission
Policy brief (2005)

English [pdf 210kb]
Romanian [308kb]
Russian [164kb]

IDU drug dependence Thmbnail

Effectiveness of drug dependence treatment in preventing HIV among injecting drug users

Technical paper (2006)

English [pdf 165kb]

Reduction of HIV Transmission through drug-dependence treatment
Policy brief (2004)

English [pdf 212kb]
Chinese [pdf 1.7mb]
Khmer [pdf 152kb]
Lao [pdf 200kb]
Malaysian [pdf 1.1mb]
Mongolian [pdf 1mb]
Romanian [pdf 316kb]
Russian [pdf 168kb]
Vietnamese [pdf 904kb]

Interventions to address HIV in prisons

Effectiveness of interventions to address HIV in prisons

Effectiveness of interventions to address HIV in prisons

Technical paper (2007)

English [pdf 1.35mb]
Russian [pdf 1.65mb]


Interventions to address HIV in prisons: Prevention of sexual transmission

Prevention of sexual transmission

Technical paper (2007)

English [pdf 831kb]
Russian [pdf 1.65mb]


Needle and syringe programmes and decontamination strategies

Needle and syringe programmes and decontamination strategies

Technical paper (2007)

English [pdf 876kb]
Russian [pdf 762kb]


Interventions to address HIV in prisons: Drug dependence treatments

Drug dependence treatments

Technical paper (2007)

English [pdf 870kb]
Russian [pdf 1.68mb]


Interventions to address HIV in prisons: HIV care, treatment and support

HIV care, treatment and support

Technical paper (2007)

English [pdf 775kb]
Russian [pdf 1.47mb]

Reduction of HIV transmission in prisons
Policy brief (2004)

English [pdf 186kb]
Chinese [pdf 1.35mb]
Khmer [pdf 1.49kb]
Lao [pdf 192kb]
Malaysian [pdf 1.08mb]
Mongolian [pdf 1.02mb]
Romanian [pdf 242kb]
Russian [153kb]
Vietnamese [pdf 668kb]

Injecting drug use and prisons main page

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