Opioid overdose: preventing and reducing opioid overdose mortality
In 2012, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolution 55/7 called upon Member States to include effective measures to prevent and treat drug overdose in national drug policies. In that resolution, the Commission requested the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in collaboration with the WHO, to collect and circulate available best practices on the prevention and treatment of and emergency response to drug overdose, in particular opioid overdose, based on scientific evidence. Following the resolution, a discussion paper titled: Opioid overdose: preventing and reducing opioid overdose mortality was drafted. This discussion paper outlines the facts about opioid overdose, the actions that can be taken to prevent and treat (reverse) opioid overdose and areas requiring further investigation, whilst promoting the dissemination of best practices on the prevention and treatment of opioid overdose. WHO is currently in the process of developing normative guidance on the management of opioid overdose, including the use of naloxone.