The practices and context of pharmacotherapy of opioid dependence in Central and Eastern Europe
WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse
This publication presents an overview of the practices and the context of pharmacotherapy of opioid dependence in selected countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States. Based on reports provided by professionals involved in the treatment of opioid dependence in these regions, this document describes the current situation with opioid use in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States, the role of pharmacological treatment of opioid dependence in public health responses to opioid dependence and associated health consequences in the region, as well as priorities and recommendations for development of treatment services and responses. The publication contains key informant reports from Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Kyrgyzstan, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russian Federation, Slovakia and Ukraine. This publication has been prepared in conjunction with another WHO document that is focused on pharmacotherapy of opioid dependence in selected countries of South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions and both documents are a part of the global activity on treatment of opioid dependence which is currently being implemented by the WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse.