Malaria and HIV/AIDS interactions and implications
Conclusions of a technical consultation convened by WHO, 23-25 June, 2004
Malaria and HIV are among the two most important global health problems of our time. Together, they cause more than four million deaths per year. Malaria accounts for more than a million deaths each year, of which about 90% occur in tropical Africa, where malaria is the leading cause of mortality in children below five years. Aside from young children, pregnant women are among the most affected by the disease. Constituting 10% of the overall disease burden, malaria places a substantial strain on health services and costs Africa about USD 12 billion in lost production each year.