Prevention of HIV in infants and young children

Review of evidence and WHO's activities

31 July 2002

Reference number: WHO/HIV/2002.08

HIV among children is a growing problem, particularly in the countries hardest hit by the AIDS epidemic. The overwhelming majority of infected children acquire the infection through mother-to-child transmission. Prevention of HIV infection in infants and young children is now a high priority and has been the rallying point for enhanced prevention efforts.