HIV/AIDS

Scale up of HIV-related prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment for infants and children

A programming framework

WHO and UNICEF
20 September 2008

Scale up of HIV-related prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment for infants and children

ISBN 978 92 4 159680 0

HIV is increasingly affecting the health and welfare of children and undermining hard-won gains in child survival in some of the highly affected countries. Recent estimates from UNAIDS suggest that, globally, about 2 million children younger than 15 years of age have HIV, 90% of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2007 alone, an estimated 370 000 children were newly infected, mainly through mother-to-child transmission, of whom perhaps half will die without early interventions. Many of the 270 000 children who died in 2007 never received an HIV diagnosis or entered into HIV care.

To help address this significant public health issue for children, UNICEF and WHO initiated a process to develop a programming framework designed to assist national health managers and implementing partners in resourceconstrained settings with a high HIV burden to scale up HIV prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment for children who are exposed to or who have HIV within the context of broader child survival and HIV programmes. This framework was developed following an international consultation held in New York in 2006 that included more than 100 participants from the global paediatric HIV and child survival community.


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