Key facts on HIV epidemic and progress in regions and countries in 2010
Based on Progress report 2011: Global HIV/AIDS response
Of the 100 000 people in need of ART in the Caribbean, 60% were receiving it in 2010, up from 56% in 2009.
46% of pregnant women living with HIV were on effective drugs to prevent transmission from mother-to-child.
Twenty-five percent of children in need of HIV treatment were receiving it.
The number of people living with HIV has declined slightly since the early 2000s – from about 210 000 to 200 000 in 2010, or about 1% of adults. About 12 000 people were newly infected with HIV in 2010.
The number of people dying from AIDS-related causes has halved, from an estimated 18 000 in 2001 to 9 000 in 2010.
Slowing HIV incidence and increased access to services to prevent mother-to-child transmission have led to a 60% decline in the number of children newly infected with HIV (from 2 900 to 1 200) and a 47% decline in the number of children dying from AIDS-related causes (from 1 900 to 1 000) between 2001 and 2010.
Unprotected sex between men and women and between men – including paid sex – are the main modes of HIV transmission in this region.
The island of Hispaniola, which contains the Dominican Republic and Haiti, is home to about 70% (182 000) of the people living with HIV in this region.
The Caribbean is the only region besides sub-Saharan Africa in which more adult women than men are living with HIV. In 2010, an estimated 53% of adults living with HIV were women, a proportion that has remained steady since the late 1990s.