Key facts on HIV epidemic and progress in regions and countries in 2010
Based on Progress report 2011: Global HIV/AIDS response
There were 1.5 million living with HIV in the region in 2010, up from 1.3 million in 2001.
The region has the highest ART coverage rate – 64%. As a result, fewer people are dying of AIDS – 67 000 in 2010, down from a peak of 83 000 in 2001 – 2003.
Forty-four percent of children under the age of 15 in need of paediatric HIV treatment had access to it in 2010.
The number of children younger than 15 years living with HIV has declined from about 47 000 in 2001 to 42 000 in 2010.
Fifty-nine percent of pregnant women with HIV in need of PMTCT services had access.
In most of the HIV epidemics in this region, HIV is spreading predominately in and around networks of men who have sex with men. Many men who have sex with men also have sex with women – often due to social stigma, which vilifies sex between men. For example, in a 2010 Nicaragua study, 40% of men who have sex with men in Managua and 57% of those in Chinandega said they had had sex with women in the previous year.